Chemistry Chemistry - Atoms First - 1e
Chemistry - Atoms First - 1e

Chemistry - Atoms First - 1e OpenStax - Atoms First • 1st Edition •

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Ch.1 - Essential Ideas

Classification of Matter Physical & Chemical Changes Chemical Properties Physical Properties Intensive vs. Extensive Properties Scientific Notation SI Units Metric Prefixes Significant Figures Significant Figures: Precision in Measurements Significant Figures: In Calculations Conversion Factors Dimensional Analysis Temperature Density Density of Geometric Objects Density of Non-Geometric Objects

Ch.2 - Atoms, Molecules, and Ions

Law of Conservation of Mass Law of Definite Proportions Atomic Theory Law of Multiple Proportions Millikan Oil Drop Experiment Rutherford Gold Foil Experiment The Atom Subatomic Particles Isotopes Ions Atomic Mass Calculating Molar Mass Mole Concept

Ch.3 - Electronic Structure and Periodic Properties of Elements

Wavelength and Frequency Speed of Light The Energy of Light Electromagnetic Spectrum Photoelectric Effect Bohr Model Emission Spectrum Bohr Equation De Broglie Wavelength Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle Introduction to Quantum Mechanics Quantum Numbers: Principal Quantum Number Quantum Numbers: Angular Momentum Quantum Number Quantum Numbers: Magnetic Quantum Number Quantum Numbers: Spin Quantum Number Quantum Numbers: Number of Electrons Quantum Numbers: Nodes The Electron Configuration The Electron Configuration: Condensed The Electron Configurations: Exceptions The Electron Configuration: Ions The Electron Configuration: Quantum Numbers Valence Electrons of Elements Periodic Trend: Effective Nuclear Charge Periodic Trend: Atomic Radius Periodic Trend: Ionic Radius Periodic Trend: Ionization Energy Periodic Trend: Successive Ionization Energies Periodic Trend: Electron Affinity Periodic Table: Classifications Periodic Table: Group Names Periodic Table: Representative Elements & Transition Metals Periodic Table: Element Symbols Periodic Table: Elemental Forms Periodic Table: Phases Periodic Table: Charges Polyatomic Ions

BONUS: Lab Techniques and Procedures

Laboratory Materials Experimental Error Distillation & Floatation Chromatography Filtration and Evaporation Extraction Test for Ions and Gases

BONUS: Mathematical Operations and Functions

Multiplication and Division Operations Addition and Subtraction Operations Power and Root Functions Power and Root Functions The Quadratic Formula

Ch.4 - Chemical Bonding and Molecular Geometry

Chemical Bonds Dipole Moment Naming Ionic Compounds Writing Ionic Compounds Naming Ionic Hydrates Naming Molecular Compounds Naming Acids Lewis Dot Symbols Octet Rule Formal Charge Lewis Dot Structures: Neutral Compounds Lewis Dot Structures: Sigma & Pi Bonds Lewis Dot Structures: Ions Lewis Dot Structures: Exceptions Lewis Dot Structures: Acids Resonance Structures Average Bond Order Electron Geometry Bond Angles Molecular Polarity

Ch.5 - Advanced Theories of Covalent Bonding

Hybridization Molecular Orbital Theory Paramagnetism and Diamagnetism MO Theory: Heteronuclear Diatomic Molecules

Ch.6 - Composition of Substances and Solutions

Mass Percent Empirical Formula Molecular Formula Combustion Analysis Combustion Apparatus Molarity Osmolarity Dilutions

Ch.7 - Stoichiometry of Chemical Reactions

Balancing Chemical Equations Stoichiometry Limiting Reagent Percent Yield Solution Stoichiometry Solubility Rules Electrolytes Molecular Equations Gas Evolution Equations Complete Ionic Equations Calculate Oxidation Numbers Redox Reactions Balancing Redox Reactions: Acidic Solutions Balancing Redox Reactions: Basic Solutions Activity Series

Ch.8 - Gases

Pressure Units The Ideal Gas Law The Ideal Gas Law Derivations The Ideal Gas Law Applications Chemistry Gas Laws Chemistry Gas Laws: Combined Gas Law Standard Temperature and Pressure The Ideal Gas Law: Molar Mass The Ideal Gas Law: Density Mole Fraction Partial Pressure Gas Stoichiometry Effusion Kinetic Molecular Theory Root Mean Square Speed Kinetic Energy of Gases Van der Waals Equation

Ch.9 - Thermochemistry

Nature of Energy Kinetic & Potential Energy First Law of Thermodynamics Internal Energy Endothermic & Exothermic Reactions Heat Capacity Constant-Pressure Calorimetry Constant-Volume Calorimetry Thermal Equilibrium Formation Equations Enthalpy of Formation Hess's Law Bond Energy Lattice Energy Born Haber Cycle

Ch.10 - Liquids and Solids

Intermolecular Forces Phase Diagram Heating and Cooling Curves Unit Cell Clausius-Clapeyron Equation

Ch.11 - Solutions and Colloids

Solutions, Molarity and Intermolecular Forces The Colligative Properties Henry's Law Calculate Molarity Molality Mass Percent Mole Fraction ppm Boiling Point Elevation

Ch.12 - Thermodynamics

Spontaneous Reaction First Law of Thermodynamics Second and Third Laws of Thermodynamics Entropy Gibbs Free Energy

Ch.13 - Fundamental Equilibrium Concepts

Chemical Equilibrium Equilibrium Expressions ICE Chart Le Chatelier's Principle The Reaction Quotient

Ch.14 - Acid-Base Equilibria

Identifying Acids and Bases Arrhenius Acid and Base Bronsted Lowry Acid and Base Conjugate Acids and Bases Amphoteric Lewis Acid and Base pH and pOH Weak Bases Ka and Kb Ionic Salts Diprotic Acid Polyprotic Acid Buffer Acid and Base Titration Curves Weak Acid Strong Base Titrations Weak Base Strong Acid Titrations Strong Acid Strong Base Titrations

Ch.15 - Equilibria of Other Reaction Classes

Weak Acid Strong Base Titrations Weak Base Strong Acid Titrations Ksp Lewis Acid and Base

Ch.16 - Electrochemistry

Redox Reaction Balancing Redox Reaction The Nernst Equation Faraday's Constant Galvanic Cell Batteries and Electricity

Ch.17 - Kinetics

Rate of Reaction Average Rate of Reaction Arrhenius Equation Rate Law Integrated Rate Law Collision Theory

Ch.18 - Representative Metals, Metalloids, and Nonmetals

Hydrogen Atom Alkali Metals Alkaline Earth Metals Alkaline Earth Metals Reactions Periodic Trends and Diagonal Relationships Boron Family Carbon Family Nitrogen Family Oxygen Family Halogens

Ch.19 - Transition Metals and Coordination Chemistry

Transition Metals Transition Metals Properties Coordination Complexes Naming Coordination Compounds Coordination Isomers

Ch.20 - Nuclear Chemistry

Radioactive Decay Band of Stability Magic Numbers First Order Half Life

Ch.21 - Organic Chemistry

Introduction to Organic Chemistry Structural Formula Chirality Optical Isomers Hydrocarbon The Alkyl Group Naming Alkanes Naming Alkenes Naming Alkynes Alkane Reactions Alkenes and Alkynes Benzene Reactions Functional Groups Alcohol Reactions Carboxylic Acid Derivative Reactions

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