Chemistry Chemistry: Principles and Reactions
Chemistry: Principles and Reactions

Chemistry: Principles and Reactions Masterton • 8th Edition • 978-0534408787

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Ch.1 - Matter and Measurements

Classification of Matter Physical & Chemical Changes Chemical Properties Physical Properties Intensive vs. Extensive Properties Temperature Scientific Notation SI Units Metric Prefixes Significant Figures Significant Figures: Precision in Measurements Significant Figures: In Calculations Conversion Factors Dimensional Analysis Density Density of Geometric Objects Density of Non-Geometric Objects

Ch.2 - Atoms, Molecules and Ions

The Atom Subatomic Particles Isotopes Ions Atomic Mass Periodic Table: Classifications Periodic Table: Group Names Periodic Table: Representative Elements & Transition Metals Periodic Table: Element Symbols Periodic Table: Elemental Forms Periodic Table: Phases Periodic Table: Charges Law of Conservation of Mass Law of Definite Proportions Atomic Theory Law of Multiple Proportions Millikan Oil Drop Experiment Rutherford Gold Foil Experiment Polyatomic Ions Naming Ionic Compounds Writing Ionic Compounds Naming Ionic Hydrates Naming Acids Naming Molecular Compounds

Ch.3 - Mass Relations in Chemistry; Stoichiometry

Calculating Molar Mass Mole Concept Empirical Formula Molecular Formula Combustion Analysis Combustion Apparatus Balancing Chemical Equations Stoichiometry Limiting Reagent Percent Yield Mass Percent Functional Groups in Chemistry

BONUS: Lab Techniques and Procedures

Laboratory Materials Experimental Error Distillation & Floatation Chromatography Filtration and Evaporation Extraction Test for Ions and Gases

BONUS: Mathematical Operations and Functions

Multiplication and Division Operations Addition and Subtraction Operations Power and Root Functions Power and Root Functions The Quadratic Formula

Ch.4 - Reactions in Aqueous Solution

Solutions Molarity Osmolarity Dilutions Solubility Rules Electrolytes Molecular Equations Gas Evolution Equations Solution Stoichiometry Complete Ionic Equations Calculate Oxidation Numbers Redox Reactions Balancing Redox Reactions: Acidic Solutions Balancing Redox Reactions: Basic Solutions Activity Series

Ch.5 - Gases

Pressure Units The Ideal Gas Law The Ideal Gas Law Derivations The Ideal Gas Law Applications Chemistry Gas Laws Chemistry Gas Laws: Combined Gas Law Mole Fraction Partial Pressure The Ideal Gas Law: Molar Mass The Ideal Gas Law: Density Gas Stoichiometry Standard Temperature and Pressure Effusion Root Mean Square Speed Kinetic Energy of Gases Maxwell-Boltzmann Distribution Velocity Distributions Kinetic Molecular Theory Van der Waals Equation

Ch.6 - Electronic Structure and the Periodic Table

Wavelength and Frequency Speed of Light The Energy of Light Electromagnetic Spectrum Photoelectric Effect De Broglie Wavelength Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle Bohr Model Emission Spectrum Bohr Equation Introduction to Quantum Mechanics Quantum Numbers: Principal Quantum Number Quantum Numbers: Angular Momentum Quantum Number Quantum Numbers: Magnetic Quantum Number Quantum Numbers: Spin Quantum Number Quantum Numbers: Number of Electrons Quantum Numbers: Nodes The Electron Configuration The Electron Configuration: Condensed The Electron Configurations: Exceptions The Electron Configuration: Ions Paramagnetism and Diamagnetism The Electron Configuration: Quantum Numbers Valence Electrons of Elements Periodic Trend: Metallic Character Periodic Trend: Atomic Radius Periodic Trend: Ionic Radius Periodic Trend: Ionization Energy Periodic Trend: Successive Ionization Energies Periodic Trend: Electron Affinity Periodic Trend: Electronegativity Periodic Trend: Effective Nuclear Charge Periodic Trend: Cumulative Born Haber Cycle

Ch.7 - Covalent Bonding

Lewis Dot Symbols Chemical Bonds Dipole Moment Octet Rule Formal Charge Lewis Dot Structures: Neutral Compounds Lewis Dot Structures: Sigma & Pi Bonds Lewis Dot Structures: Ions Lewis Dot Structures: Exceptions Lewis Dot Structures: Acids Resonance Structures Average Bond Order Bond Energy Coulomb's Law Lattice Energy Electron Geometry Bond Angles Hybridization Molecular Orbital Theory Molecular Polarity

Ch.8 - Thermochemistry

Nature of Energy Kinetic & Potential Energy First Law of Thermodynamics Internal Energy Endothermic & Exothermic Reactions Heat Capacity Constant-Pressure Calorimetry Constant-Volume Calorimetry Thermal Equilibrium Formation Equations Enthalpy of Formation Hess's Law

Ch.9 - Liquids and Solids

Intermolecular Forces Phase Diagram Heating and Cooling Curves Unit Cell Clausius-Clapeyron Equation Molecular Orbital Theory MO Theory: Heteronuclear Diatomic Molecules

Ch.10 - Solutions

Solutions, Molarity and Intermolecular Forces Calculate Molarity Mass Percent Molality Mole Fraction ppm Henry's Law The Colligative Properties Boiling Point Elevation

Ch.11 - Rate of Reaction

Rate of Reaction Average Rate of Reaction Arrhenius Equation Rate Law Integrated Rate Law

Ch.12 - Gaseous Chemical Equilibrium

Chemical Equilibrium Equilibrium Expressions ICE Chart Le Chatelier's Principle The Reaction Quotient

Ch.13 - Acids and Bases

Identifying Acids and Bases Arrhenius Acid and Base Bronsted Lowry Acid and Base Conjugate Acids and Bases Amphoteric Lewis Acid and Base pH and pOH Weak Bases Ka and Kb Diprotic Acid Polyprotic Acid

Ch.14 - Equilibria in Acid-Base Solutions

Ionic Salts Buffer Acid and Base Titration Curves Weak Acid Strong Base Titrations Weak Base Strong Acid Titrations Strong Acid Strong Base Titrations Titrations of Diprotic and Polyprotic Acids

Ch.15 - Complex Ion and Precipitation Equilibria

Ksp

Ch.16 - Spontaneity of Reaction

Spontaneous Reaction First Law of Thermodynamics Second and Third Laws of Thermodynamics Entropy Gibbs Free Energy

Ch.17 - Electrochemistry

Redox Reaction Balancing Redox Reaction The Nernst Equation Faraday's Constant Galvanic Cell Batteries and Electricity

Ch.18 - Nuclear Reactions

Radioactive Decay Band of Stability Magic Numbers First Order Half Life

Ch.19 - Complex Ions and Coordination compounds

Transition Metals Transition Metals Properties Coordination Complexes Naming Coordination Compounds Coordination Isomers

Ch.21 - Chemistry of the Nonmetals

Hydrogen Atom Alkali Metals Alkaline Earth Metals Alkaline Earth Metals Reactions Periodic Trends and Diagonal Relationships Boron Family Carbon Family Nitrogen Family Oxygen Family Halogens

Ch.22 - Organic Chemistry

Introduction to Organic Chemistry Structural Formula Chirality Optical Isomers Hydrocarbon The Alkyl Group Naming Alkanes Naming Alkenes Naming Alkynes Alkane Reactions Alkenes and Alkynes Benzene Reactions Functional Groups Alcohol Reactions Carboxylic Acid Derivative Reactions

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