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Chemistry Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity
Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity Kotz • 9th Edition • 978-1133949640

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Ch.1 - Basic Concepts of Chemistry

Classification of Matter Physical & Chemical Changes Chemical Properties Physical Properties Intensive vs. Extensive Properties Temperature Scientific Notation SI Units Metric Prefixes Significant Figures Significant Figures: Precision in Measurements Significant Figures: In Calculations Conversion Factors Dimensional Analysis Density Density of Geometric Objects Density of Non-Geometric Objects

Ch.2 - Atoms, Molecules & Ions

The Atom Subatomic Particles Isotopes Ions Atomic Mass Periodic Table: Classifications Periodic Table: Group Names Periodic Table: Representative Elements & Transition Metals Periodic Table: Element Symbols Periodic Table: Elemental Forms Periodic Table: Phases Periodic Table: Charges Calculating Molar Mass Mole Concept Law of Conservation of Mass Law of Definite Proportions Atomic Theory Law of Multiple Proportions Polyatomic Ions Naming Ionic Compounds Writing Ionic Compounds Naming Ionic Hydrates Naming Acids Naming Molecular Compounds Mass Percent Empirical Formula Molecular Formula Combustion Analysis Combustion Apparatus Functional Groups in Chemistry

Ch.3 - Chemical Reactions

Balancing Chemical Equations Solutions Solubility Rules Electrolytes Molecular Equations Gas Evolution Equations Complete Ionic Equations Calculate Oxidation Numbers Redox Reactions Balancing Redox Reactions: Acidic Solutions Balancing Redox Reactions: Basic Solutions Activity Series

BONUS: Lab Techniques and Procedures

Laboratory Materials Experimental Error Distillation & Floatation Chromatography Filtration and Evaporation Extraction Test for Ions and Gases

BONUS: Mathematical Operations and Functions

Multiplication and Division Operations Addition and Subtraction Operations Power and Root Functions Power and Root Functions The Quadratic Formula

Ch.4 - Stoichiometry: Quantitative Information about Chemical Reactions

Stoichiometry Limiting Reagent Percent Yield Molarity Osmolarity Dilutions Solution Stoichiometry

Ch.5 - Principles of Chemical Reactivity: Energy & Chemical Reactions

Nature of Energy Kinetic & Potential Energy First Law of Thermodynamics Internal Energy Endothermic & Exothermic Reactions Heat Capacity Constant-Pressure Calorimetry Constant-Volume Calorimetry Thermal Equilibrium Thermochemical Equations Formation Equations Enthalpy of Formation Hess's Law

Ch.6 - The Structure of Atoms

Wavelength and Frequency Speed of Light The Energy of Light Electromagnetic Spectrum Photoelectric Effect De Broglie Wavelength Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle Bohr Model Emission Spectrum Bohr Equation Introduction to Quantum Mechanics Quantum Numbers: Principal Quantum Number Quantum Numbers: Angular Momentum Quantum Number Quantum Numbers: Magnetic Quantum Number Quantum Numbers: Spin Quantum Number Quantum Numbers: Number of Electrons Quantum Numbers: Nodes

Ch.7 - The Structure of Atoms & Periodic Trends

The Electron Configuration The Electron Configuration: Condensed The Electron Configurations: Exceptions The Electron Configuration: Ions Paramagnetism and Diamagnetism The Electron Configuration: Quantum Numbers Valence Electrons of Elements Periodic Trend: Metallic Character Periodic Trend: Atomic Radius Periodic Trend: Ionic Radius Periodic Trend: Ionization Energy Periodic Trend: Successive Ionization Energies Periodic Trend: Electron Affinity Periodic Trend: Electronegativity

BONUS - Chemistry of the Nonmetals

Hydrogen Atom Alkali Metals Alkaline Earth Metals Alkaline Earth Metals Reactions Periodic Trends and Diagonal Relationships Boron Family Carbon Family Nitrogen Family Oxygen Family Halogens

Ch.8 - Bonding & Molecular Structure

Lewis Dot Symbols Chemical Bonds Dipole Moment Octet Rule Formal Charge Lewis Dot Structures: Neutral Compounds Lewis Dot Structures: Sigma & Pi Bonds Lewis Dot Structures: Ions Lewis Dot Structures: Exceptions Lewis Dot Structures: Acids Resonance Structures Average Bond Order Bond Energy Equatorial and Axial Positions Electron Geometry Molecular Geometry Molecular Polarity

Ch.9 - Bonding and Molecular Structure: Orbital Hybridization and Molecular Orbitals

Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion Theory Bond Angles Hybridization Molecular Orbital Theory MO Theory: Homonuclear Diatomic Molecules MO Theory: Heteronuclear Diatomic Molecules MO Theory: Bond Order

Ch.10 - Gases & Their Properties

Pressure Units The Ideal Gas Law The Ideal Gas Law Derivations The Ideal Gas Law Applications Chemistry Gas Laws Chemistry Gas Laws: Combined Gas Law Mole Fraction Partial Pressure The Ideal Gas Law: Molar Mass The Ideal Gas Law: Density Gas Stoichiometry Standard Temperature and Pressure Effusion Root Mean Square Speed Kinetic Energy of Gases Maxwell-Boltzmann Distribution Velocity Distributions Kinetic Molecular Theory Van der Waals Equation

Ch.11 - Intermolecular Forces & Liquids

Intermolecular Forces Intermolecular Forces and Physical Properties Phase Diagrams Heating and Cooling Curves Clausius-Clapeyron Equation Molecular Orbital Theory

Ch.12 - The Solid State

Atomic, Ionic, and Molecular Solids Crystalline Solids Simple Cubic Unit Cell Body Centered Cubic Unit Cell Face Centered Cubic Unit Cell Coulomb's Law Lattice Energy Born Haber Cycle

Ch.13 - Solutions & Their Behaviors

Solutions: Solubility and Intermolecular Forces Solutions: Mass Percent Molality Mole Fraction The Colligative Properties Types of Aqueous Solutions Intro to Henry's Law Henry's Law Calculations Parts per Million (ppm) Boiling Point Elevation Freezing Point Depression Osmosis Osmotic Pressure Vapor Pressure Lowering (Raoult's Law)

Ch.14 - Chemical Kinetics: The Rates of Chemical Reactions

Intro to Chemical Kinetics Factors Influencing Rates Average Rate of Reaction Stoichiometric Rate Calculations Instantaneous Rate Arrhenius Equation Rate Law Integrated Rate Law Half-Life Collision Theory Energy Diagrams Catalyst Reaction Mechanism

Ch.15 - Principles of Chemical Reactivity: Equilibria

Chemical Equilibrium Equilibrium Expressions ICE Chart Le Chatelier's Principle The Reaction Quotient

Ch.16 - Principles of Chemical Reactivity: The Chemistry of Acids & Bases

Identifying Acids and Bases Arrhenius Acid and Base Bronsted Lowry Acid and Base Conjugate Acids and Bases Amphoteric Lewis Acid and Base pH and pOH Weak Bases Ka and Kb Ionic Salts Diprotic Acid Polyprotic Acid

Ch.17 - Principles of Chemical Reactivity: Other Aspects of Aqueous Equilibria

Buffer Acid and Base Titration Curves Weak Acid Strong Base Titrations Weak Base Strong Acid Titrations Strong Acid Strong Base Titrations Titrations of Diprotic and Polyprotic Acids Ksp

Ch.18 - Principles of Chemical Reactivity: Entropy & Free Energy

Spontaneous Reaction First Law of Thermodynamics Second and Third Laws of Thermodynamics Entropy Gibbs Free Energy

Ch.19 - Principles of Chemical Reactivity: Electron Transfer Reactions

Redox Reaction Balancing Redox Reaction The Nernst Equation Faraday's Constant Galvanic Cell Batteries and Electricity

Ch.22 - The Chemistry of the Transition Elements

Transition Metals Transition Metals Properties Coordination Complexes Naming Coordination Compounds Coordination Isomers

Ch.23 - Carbon: Not Just Another Element

Introduction to Organic Chemistry Structural Formula Chirality Optical Isomers Hydrocarbon The Alkyl Group Naming Alkanes Naming Alkenes Naming Alkynes Alkane Reactions Alkenes and Alkynes Benzene Reactions Functional Groups Alcohol Reactions Carboxylic Acid Derivative Reactions

Ch.25 - Nuclear Chemistry

Radioactive Decay Band of Stability Magic Numbers First Order Half Life

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