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Chemistry Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity
Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity Kotz • 10th Edition • 978-1337399074

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Ch.1 - Basic Concepts of Chemistry

Classification of Matter Scientific Notation SI Units Metric Prefixes Significant Figures Significant Figures: Precision in Measurements Significant Figures: In Calculations Temperature Physical & Chemical Changes Chemical Properties Physical Properties Intensive vs. Extensive Properties Conversion Factors Dimensional Analysis Density Density of Geometric Objects Density of Non-Geometric Objects

Ch.2 - Atoms, Molecules & Ions

Periodic Table: Classifications Mole Concept Isotopes Subatomic Particles Atomic Theory Chemical Bonds Polyatomic Ions Naming Molecular Compounds Naming Ionic Compounds Naming Acids Mass Percent Empirical Formula Functional Groups in Chemistry

Ch.3 - Chemical Reactions

Balancing Chemical Equations Solubility Rules Complete Ionic Equations Electrolytes Redox Reactions Calculate Oxidation Numbers Functional Groups in Chemistry Activity Series

BONUS: Lab Techniques and Procedures

Laboratory Materials Experimental Error Distillation & Floatation Chromatography Filtration and Evaporation Extraction Test for Ions and Gases

BONUS: Mathematical Operations and Functions

Multiplication and Division Operations Addition and Subtraction Operations Power and Root Functions Power and Root Functions The Quadratic Formula

Ch.4 - Stoichiometry: Quantitative Information about Chemical Reactions

Stoichiometry Limiting Reagent Percent Yield Combustion Analysis Molarity Dilutions Solution Stoichiometry

Ch.5 - Principles of Chemical Reactivity: Energy & Chemical Reactions

Internal Energy Endothermic & Exothermic Reactions Nature of Energy Hess's Law Enthalpy of Formation

Ch.6 - The Structure of Atoms

Wavelength and Frequency Electromagnetic Spectrum The Energy of Light Photoelectric Effect De Broglie Wavelength Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle Bohr Model Bohr Equation Introduction to Quantum Mechanics

Ch.7 - The Structure of Atoms & Periodic Trends

The Electron Configuration Paramagnetism and Diamagnetism The Electron Configuration: Quantum Numbers Periodic Trend: Effective Nuclear Charge Periodic Trend: Cumulative Periodic Trend: Atomic Radius Periodic Trend: Ionic Radius Periodic Trend: Ionization Energy Periodic Trend: Electron Affinity Periodic Trend: Metallic Character Rutherford Gold Foil Experiment Millikan Oil Drop Experiment Quantum Numbers: Nodes

Ch.8 - Bonding & Molecular Structure

Lewis Dot Symbols Chemical Bonds Dipole Moment Octet Rule Formal Charge Lewis Dot Structures: Neutral Compounds Lewis Dot Structures: Sigma & Pi Bonds Lewis Dot Structures: Ions Lewis Dot Structures: Exceptions Lewis Dot Structures: Acids Resonance Structures Average Bond Order Bond Energy Equatorial and Axial Positions Electron Geometry Molecular Geometry Molecular Polarity

Ch.9 - Bonding and Molecular Structure- Orbital Hybridization and Molecular Orbitals

Bond Angles Hybridization Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion Theory Molecular Orbital Theory MO Theory: Bond Order MO Theory: Homonuclear Diatomic Molecules MO Theory: Heteronuclear Diatomic Molecules

Ch.10 - Gases & Their Properties

Pressure Units Partial Pressure The Ideal Gas Law Chemistry Gas Laws The Ideal Gas Law: Density The Ideal Gas Law: Molar Mass Standard Temperature and Pressure Gas Stoichiometry Effusion Root Mean Square Speed Kinetic Molecular Theory Van der Waals Equation Kinetic Energy of Gases

Ch.11 - Intermolecular Forces & Liquids

Intermolecular Forces Intermolecular Forces and Physical Properties Phase Diagrams Heating and Cooling Curves Clausius-Clapeyron Equation Molecular Orbital Theory

Ch.12 - The Solid State

Atomic, Ionic, and Molecular Solids Crystalline Solids Simple Cubic Unit Cell Body Centered Cubic Unit Cell Face Centered Cubic Unit Cell Lattice Energy Born Haber Cycle

Ch.13 - Solutions & Their Behaviors

Solutions: Solubility and Intermolecular Forces Types of Aqueous Solutions Intro to Henry's Law Henry's Law Calculations Solutions: Mass Percent Molality Mole Fraction Parts per Million (ppm) The Colligative Properties Boiling Point Elevation Freezing Point Depression Osmosis Osmotic Pressure Vapor Pressure Lowering (Raoult's Law)

Ch.14 - Chemical Kinetics: The Rates of Chemical Reactions

Intro to Chemical Kinetics Factors Influencing Rates Average Rate of Reaction Stoichiometric Rate Calculations Instantaneous Rate Rate Law Arrhenius Equation Integrated Rate Law Half-Life Collision Theory Energy Diagrams Catalyst Reaction Mechanism

Ch.15 - Principles of Reactivity: Equilibria

Intro to Chemical Equilibrium Equilibrium Constant (K) Equilibrium Constant Calculations Kp and Kc Using Hess's Law To Determine K Calculating K For Overall Reaction Le Chatelier's Principle ICE Charts Reaction Quotient

Ch.16 - Principles of Chemical Reactivity: The Chemistry of Acids & Bases

Conjugate Acids and Bases Acids Introduction Bases Introduction Binary Acids Oxyacids Bases Amphoteric Species Arrhenius Acids and Bases Bronsted-Lowry Acids and Bases Lewis Acids and Bases The pH Scale Auto-Ionization Ka and Kb pH of Strong Acids and Bases Ionic Salts pH of Weak Acids pH of Weak Bases Diprotic Acids and Bases Diprotic Acids and Bases Calculations Triprotic Acids and Bases Triprotic Acids and Bases Calculations

Ch.17 - Principles of Reactivity: Other Aspects of Aqueous Equilibria

Intro to Buffers Henderson-Hasselbalch Equation Intro to Acid-Base Titration Curves Strong Titrate-Strong Titrant Curves Weak Titrate-Strong Titrant Curves Acid-Base Indicators Titrations: Weak Acid-Strong Base Titrations: Weak Base-Strong Acid Titrations: Strong Acid-Strong Base Titrations: Diprotic & Polyprotic Buffers Solubility Product Constant: Ksp Ksp: Common Ion Effect Precipitation: Ksp vs Q Selective Precipitation Complex Ions: Formation Constant

Ch.18 - Principles of Reactivity: Entropy & Free Energy

Spontaneous vs Nonspontaneous Reactions Entropy Entropy Calculations Entropy Calculations: Phase Changes Third Law of Thermodynamics Gibbs Free Energy Gibbs Free Energy Calculations Gibbs Free Energy And Equilibrium

Ch.19 - Principles of Reactivity: Electron Transfer Reactions

Standard Reduction Potentials Intro to Electrochemical Cells Galvanic Cell Electrolytic Cell Cell Potential: Standard Cell Potential: The Nernst Equation Cell Potential and Gibbs Free Energy Cell Potential and Equilibrium Cell Potential: G and K Cell Notation Electroplating

Ch. 21- The Chemistry of the Main Group Elements

Hydrogen Atom Alkali Metals Alkaline Earth Metals Alkaline Earth Metals Reactions Periodic Trends and Diagonal Relationships Boron Family Carbon Family DRAFT Nitrogen Family Oxygen Family Halogens

Ch.22 - The Chemistry of the Transition Metals

Transition Metals Transition Metals Properties Coordination Complexes Naming Coordination Compounds Coordination Isomers

Ch.23 - Carbon: Not Just Another Element

Introduction to Organic Chemistry Structural Formula Chirality Optical Isomers Hydrocarbon The Alkyl Group Naming Alkanes Naming Alkenes Naming Alkynes Alkane Reactions Alkenes and Alkynes Benzene Reactions Functional Groups Alcohol Reactions Carboxylic Acid Derivative Reactions

Ch.25 - Nuclear Chemistry

Radioactive Decay Band of Stability First Order Half Life Magic Numbers

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