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Ch.16 - Aqueous Equilibrium WorksheetSee all chapters
All Chapters
Ch.1 - Intro to General Chemistry
Ch.2 - Atoms & Elements
Ch.3 - Chemical Reactions
BONUS: Lab Techniques and Procedures
BONUS: Mathematical Operations and Functions
Ch.4 - Chemical Quantities & Aqueous Reactions
Ch.5 - Gases
Ch.6 - Thermochemistry
Ch.7 - Quantum Mechanics
Ch.8 - Periodic Properties of the Elements
Ch.9 - Bonding & Molecular Structure
Ch.10 - Molecular Shapes & Valence Bond Theory
Ch.11 - Liquids, Solids & Intermolecular Forces
Ch.12 - Solutions
Ch.13 - Chemical Kinetics
Ch.14 - Chemical Equilibrium
Ch.15 - Acid and Base Equilibrium
Ch.16 - Aqueous Equilibrium
Ch.17 - Chemical Thermodynamics
Ch.18 - Electrochemistry
Ch.19 - Nuclear Chemistry
Ch.20 - Organic Chemistry
Ch.22 - Chemistry of the Nonmetals
Ch.23 - Transition Metals and Coordination Compounds
Intro to Buffers
Henderson-Hasselbalch Equation
Intro to Acid-Base Titration Curves
Strong Titrate-Strong Titrant Curves
Weak Titrate-Strong Titrant Curves
Acid-Base Indicators
Titrations: Weak Acid-Strong Base
Titrations: Weak Base-Strong Acid
Titrations: Strong Acid-Strong Base
Titrations: Diprotic & Polyprotic Buffers
Solubility Product Constant: Ksp
Ksp: Common Ion Effect
Precipitation: Ksp vs Q
Selective Precipitation
Complex Ions: Formation Constant

Solubility is the maximum amount of solid dissolved in a solvent. Ksp measures the solubilities of solid ionic compounds in a solvent at equilibrium.


Concept #1: Solubility Product Constant (Ksp)

Generally, the larger the Ksp, the more soluble the solid is.

Example #1: Given the following ionic compounds, which will have the highest [OH-] concentration? Hint: which is most soluble in water?

a) Fe(OH)2 Ksp = 4.87 x 10-17               b) Pb(OH)2 Ksp = 1.43 x 10-20

c) Mg(OH)Ksp = 2.06 x 10-13               d) Sn(OH)2 Ksp = 5.45 x 10-27


Concept #2: Ksp Calculations

Example #2: PbF2 is a white solid and has diverse applications in pharmaceuticals, metallurgy, and technology. If the concentration of lead (II) fluoride is 4.2 M with a Ksp = 3.6 x 10-8, calculate the molar solubility of this solid at 25ºC.

Practice: Solubility of Sn(OH)2 was found to be 1.11 x 10-9 M; calculate Ksp of this compound.

Practice: If a saturated solution of Ag2CO3 contains 2.56 × 104 M of Ag+ ions, determine its solubility product constant.

Practice: What is the solubility of CN ions in a solution of 5.5 M Hg2(CN)2, with a Ksp of 5.0 × 1040?