Chemistry Chemistry Practice Problems Solutions Library

Gas Stoichiometry Solutions Library

Access 141 Gas Stoichiometry video and text solutions to help you complete your homework.

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141 solutions

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. What volume of O2 at 798 mmHg and 41 °C is required to synthesize 12.5 mol of NO? Express your answer to three significant figures and include the ...

Solved • Mar 25, 2020

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Part A What volume of O2 at 760. mmHg and 23 °C is required to synthesize 25.0 mol of NO? Express your answer to three significant figures and incl...

Solved • Mar 25, 2020

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Acetic acid will react with oxygen gas to form carbon dioxide and water according to the following equation:CH3COOH (l) + 2 O2(g) → 2 CO2(g) + 2 H2...

Solved • Nov 25, 2019

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Given this reaction: CS2(g) + 3O2(g) => CO2(g) + 2SO2(g), how many liters of SO2(g) at STP are produced if 5 g of CS2(g) are used?A. 4.17 L B. 2...

Solved • Oct 9, 2019

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. When KClO3(s) (molar mass = 122.55 g mol–1 ) is heated at high temperature, it decomposes to give KCl(aq) (molar mass = 74.55 g mol–1 ) and O2(g) (...

Solved • Oct 4, 2019

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Calcium carbide reacts with water to produce acetylene gas, C 2H2.CaC2 (s) + 2 H2O (l) → Ca(OH)2 (aq) + C2H2 (g)Calculate the volume (in liters) of...

Solved • Jul 9, 2019

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Which of the following statements describes how the volume of the container changes due to the reaction?Imagine that the reaction 2 CO(g)+O2(g) → 2...

Solved • Oct 31, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Gaseous iodine pentafluoride, IF5, can be prepared by the reaction of solid iodine and gaseous fluorine:I2 (s) + 5 F2(g) → 2 IF5 (g)A 5.10-L flask ...

Solved • Oct 31, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Gaseous iodine pentafluoride, IF5, can be prepared by the reaction of solid iodine and gaseous fluorine:I2 (s) + 5 F2(g) → 2 IF5(g)A 5.10-L flask c...

Solved • Oct 31, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Gaseous iodine pentafluoride, IF5, can be prepared by the reaction of solid iodine and gaseous fluorine:I2 (s) + 5 F2(g) → 2 IF5(g)A 5.10-L flask c...

Solved • Oct 31, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Ammonia, NH3(g), and hydrogen chloride, HCl(g), react to form solid ammonium chloride, NH4Cl(s):NH3(g) + HCl(g) → NH4Cl(s)Two 2.50 L flasks at 30.0...

Solved • Oct 31, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Chlorine dioxide gas (ClO2) is used as a commercial bleaching agent. It bleaches materials by oxidizing them. In the course of these reactions, the...

Solved • Oct 31, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Magnesium can be used as a "getter" in evacuated enclosures to react with the last traces of oxygen. (The magnesium is usually heated by passing an...

Solved • Oct 31, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Calcium hydride, CaH2, reacts with water to form hydrogen gas:CaH2(s) + 2H2O(l) → Ca(OH)2(aq) + 2 H2(g)This reaction is sometimes used to inflate l...

Solved • Oct 31, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. The metabolic oxidation of glucose, C6H12O6, in our bodies produces CO2, which is expelled from our lungs as a gas:C6H12O6 (aq) + 6 O2(g) → 6 CO2(g...

Solved • Oct 31, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Nitrogen and hydrogen gases react to form ammonia gas via the following reaction:N2(g) + 3H2(g) → 2NH3(g)At a certain temperature and pressure, 1.6...

Solved • Oct 31, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Consider the generic reaction: 2A(g)+B(g) → 2C(g) .If a flask initially contains 1.6 atm of A and 1.6 atm of B, what will be the pressure in the fl...

Solved • Oct 31, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. A mixture of NH3(g) and N2H4(g) is placed in a sealed container at 320 K . The total pressure is 0.49 atm . The container is heated to 1200 K at wh...

Solved • Oct 31, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. The atmosphere slowly oxidizes hydrocarbons in a number of steps that eventually convert the hydrocarbon into carbon dioxide and water. The overall...

Solved • Oct 31, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. A mixture of CO(g) and O2 (g) in a 1.2 -L container at 1.1×103 K has a total pressure of 2.4 atm . After some time the total pressure falls to 1.9 ...

Solved • Oct 31, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Gaseous ammonia can be injected into the exhaust stream of a coal-burning power plant to reduce the pollutant NO to N2 according to the following r...

Solved • Oct 31, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. When hydrochloric acid is poured over potassium sulfide, 43.1 mL of hydrogen sulfide gas is produced at a pressure of 754 torr and 25.8 oC.Determin...

Solved • Oct 31, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. A 2.90 -g sample of an unknown chlorofluorocarbon is decomposed and produces 572 mL of chlorine gas at a pressure of 754 mm Hg and a temperature of...

Solved • Oct 31, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Ozone is depleted in the stratosphere by chlorine from CF3Cl according to the following set of equations:CF3Cl + UV light → CF3 + ClCl + O3 → ClO +...

Solved • Oct 31, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Carbon monoxide gas reacts with hydrogen gas to form methanol via the following reaction:CO(g) + 2 H2(g) → CH3OH(g)A 1.55 L reaction vessel, initia...

Solved • Oct 31, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Part AWhat is the volume occupied by 14.1 g of argon gas at a pressure of 1.20 atm and a temperature of 400 K? Express your answer with the appropr...

Solved • Oct 24, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Lithium reacts with nitrogen gas according to the following reaction: 6Li(s)+ N2 (g) → 2Li3N(s) What mass of lithium is required to react completel...

Solved • Oct 23, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Oxygen gas reacts with powdered aluminum according to the following reaction 4Al(s) + 3O2(g) → 2Al2O3(s)What volume of O2 gas, measured at 765 mmHg...

Solved • Oct 23, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Chlorine gas reacts with fluorine gas to form chlorine trifluoride. Cl2 (g) + 3F2 (g) → 2CIF3 (g) A 2.05 L reaction vessel, initially at 298 K, con...

Solved • Oct 23, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Consider the unbalanced chemical equation below:CaSiO3(s) + HF(g) → CaF2(aq) + SiF4(g) + H2O(l)Suppose a 32.9-g sample of CaSiO3 is reacted with 31...

Solved • Oct 18, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. A 20.0-L nickel container was charged with 0.859 atm of xenon gas and 1.37 atm of fluorine gas at 400°C. The xenon and fluorine react to form xenon...

Solved • Oct 18, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Nitric acid is produced commercially by the Ostwald process. In the first step ammonia is oxidized to nitric oxide:4NH3(g) + 5O2(g) → 4NO(g) + 6H2O...

Solved • Oct 18, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. A 20.0-L stainless steel container at 25°C was charged with 2.00 atm of hydrogen gas and 3.00 atm of oxygen gas. A spark ignited the mixture, produ...

Solved • Oct 18, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. A 2.747-g sample of manganese metal is reacted with excess HCl gas to produce 3.22 L H2(g) at 373 K and 0.951 atm and a manganese chloride compound...

Solved • Oct 18, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. The oxides of Group 2A metals (symbolized by M here) react with carbon dioxide according to the following reaction:MO(s) + CO2(g) → MCO3(s)A 2.85-g...

Solved • Oct 18, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Some very effective rocket fuels are composed of lightweight liquids. The fuel composed of dimethylhydrazine [(CH3)2N2H2] mixed with dinitrogen tet...

Solved • Oct 18, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Equal moles of sulfur dioxide gas and oxygen gas are mixed in a flexible reaction vessel and then sparked to initiate the formation of gaseous sulf...

Solved • Oct 18, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Hydrogen azide, HN3, decomposes on heating by the following unbalanced equation:HN3(g) → N2(g) + H2(g)If 3.0 atm of pure HN3(g) is decomposed initi...

Solved • Oct 18, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Methanol (CH3OH) can be produced by the following reaction:CO(g) + 2H2(g) → CH3OH(g)Hydrogen at STP flows into a reactor at a rate of 16.0 L/min. C...

Solved • Oct 18, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Xenon and fluorine will react to form binary compounds when a mixture of these two gases is heated to 400°C in a nickel reaction vessel. A 100.0-mL...

Solved • Oct 18, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Small quantities of hydrogen gas can be prepared in the laboratory by the addition of aqueous hydrochloric acid to metallic zinc.Zn(s) + 2HCl(aq) →...

Solved • Oct 18, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Ethene is converted to ethane by the reactionC2H4(g) + H2(g)     C2H6(g)C2H4 flows into a catalytic reactor at 25.0 atm and 300.°C with a flow rate...

Solved • Oct 18, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Hydrogen cyanide is prepared commercially by the reaction of methane, CH4(g), ammonia, NH3(g), and oxygen, O2(g), at high temperature. The other pr...

Solved • Oct 18, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Urea (H2NCONH2) is used extensively as a nitrogen source in fertilizers. It is produced commercially from the reaction of ammonia and carbon dioxid...

Solved • Oct 18, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. An important process for the production of acrylonitrile (C3H3N) is given by the following equation:2C3H6(g) + 2NH3(g) + 3O2(g) → 2C3H3N(g) + 6H2O(...

Solved • Oct 18, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. A 15.0-L rigid container was charged with 0.500 atm of krypton gas and 1.50 atm of chlorine gas at 350.°C. The krypton and chlorine react to form k...

Solved • Oct 18, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Sulfur trioxide, SO3, is produced in enormous quantities each year for use in the synthesis of sulfuric acid.S(s) + O2(g) → SO2(g)2SO2(g) + O2(g) →...

Solved • Oct 18, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. In 1897 the Swedish explorer Andreé tried to reach the North Pole in a balloon. The balloon was filled with hydrogen gas. The hydrogen gas was prep...

Solved • Oct 18, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Concentrated hydrogen peroxide solutions are explosively decomposed by traces of transition metal ions (such as Mn or Fe):2H2O2(aq) → 2H2O(l) + O2(...

Solved • Oct 18, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Consider the following chemical equation.2NO2(g) → N2O4(g)If 25.0 mL NO2 gas is completely converted to N2O4 gas under the same conditions, what vo...

Solved • Oct 17, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. What volume of oxygen at 423.0 K and a pressure of 127.4 kPa is produced by the decomposition of 129.7 g of BaO2 to BaO and O2?

Solved • Oct 17, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Before small batteries were available, carbide lamps were used for bicycle lights. Acetylene gas, C2H2, and solid calcium hydroxide were formed by ...

Solved • Oct 17, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Automobile air bags are inflated with nitrogen gas, which is formed by the decomposition of solid sodium azide (NaN3). The other product is sodium ...

Solved • Oct 17, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. The chlorofluorocarbon CCl2F2 can be recycled into a different compound by reaction with hydrogen to produce CH2F2(g), a compound useful in chemica...

Solved • Oct 17, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Cavendish prepared hydrogen in 1766 by the novel method of passing steam through a red-hot gun barrel:4 H2O (g) + 3 Fe(s) ⟶ Fe3O4 (s) + 4 H2 (g) (a...

Solved • Oct 17, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Joseph Priestley first prepared pure oxygen by heating mercuric oxide, HgO:2 HgO(s) ⟶ 2 Hg(l) + O2 (g) (a) Outline the steps necessary to answer th...

Solved • Oct 17, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Propane, C3H8, is a hydrocarbon that is commonly used as a fuel.Calculate the volume of air at 25°C and 1.00 atmosphere that is needed to completel...

Solved • Oct 16, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. When gaseous F2 and solid I2 are heated to high temperatures, the I 2 sublimes and gaseous iodine heptafluoride forms. If 350. torr of F2 and 2.50 ...

Solved • Oct 16, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Aqueous sulfurous acid (H2SO3) was made by dissolving 0.200 L of sulfur dioxide gas at 19°C and 745 mmHg in water to yield 500.0 mL of solution. Th...

Solved • Oct 16, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. When 15.0 g of fluorite (CaF2) reacts with excess sulfuric acid, hydrogen fluoride gas is collected at 744 torr and 25.5°C. Solid calcium sulfate i...

Solved • Oct 16, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. An environmental engineer analyzes a sample of air contaminated with sulfur dioxide. To a 500.-mL sample at 700. torr and 38°C, she adds 20.00 mL o...

Solved • Oct 16, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. An atmospheric chemist studying the pollutant SO2 places a mixture of SO2 and O2 in a 2.00-L container at 800. K and 1.90 atm. When the reaction oc...

Solved • Oct 16, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. “Strike anywhere” matches contain the compound tetraphosphorus trisulfide, which burns to form tetraphosphorus decoxide and sulfur dioxide gas. How...

Solved • Oct 14, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. How many grams of potassium chlorate decompose to potassium chloride and 638 mL of O2 at 128°C and 752 torr?2 KClO3(s) ⟶2 KCl(s) + 3 O2(g)

Solved • Oct 14, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. The total volume of hydrogen gas needed to fill the Hinderburg was 2.00 x 108 L at 1.00 atm and 25.0°C. How much energy was evolved when it burned?...

Solved • Oct 1, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. A miniature volcano can be made in the laboratory with ammonium dichromate. When ignited, it decomposes in a fiery display. (NH4)2Cr2O7 (s) → N2 (g...

Solved • Sep 26, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Part AWhat volume of O2 at 836 mmHg and 41°C is required to synthesize 13.5 mol of NO? Express your answer numerically in liters.

Solved • Sep 11, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. The combustion of octane, C8H18, proceeds according to the reaction 2C8H18 (l) + 25O2 (g) → 16CO2 (g) + 18H2O (l)lf 546 mol of octane combusts, wha...

Solved • Sep 5, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. When aluminum is placed in concentrated hydrochloric acid, hydrogen gas is produced. 2AI (s) + 6HCl (aq) → 2AICl3 (aq) + 3H2 (g) What volume of H2(...

Solved • Sep 5, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Enter your answer in the provided box.Xenon hexafluoride was one of the first noble gas compounds synthesized. The solid reacts rapidly with the si...

Solved • Aug 21, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Limestone (CaCO3) reacts with hydrochloric acid according to the equation: CaCO 3 + 2HCl → CaCl2 + H2O + CO2 If 1.00 mol of CO2 has a volume of 22....

Solved • Aug 14, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Chlorine can be prepared in the laboratory by the reaction of manganese dioxide with hydrochloric acid, HCl(aq), as described by the chemical equat...

Solved • Aug 13, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. The combustion of octane, C8H18 proceeds according to the reaction 2C8H18 (l) + 25O2 (g) → 16CO2 (g) + 18H2O (l) If 313 mol of octane combusts, wha...

Solved • Aug 13, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Three moles of glyceryl trioleate (triolein) are completely hydrogenated. How many moles of hydrogen are required?

Solved • Aug 13, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. How many grams of carbon disulfide are needed to completely consume 53.3 L of chlorine gas according to the following reaction at 25°C and 1 atm? c...

Solved • Aug 9, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Part AIf 50.0 L of hydrogen chloride gas reacts with 10.0 L of oxygen gas, what is the volume of chlorine gas produced? Assume all gases are at the...

Solved • Aug 7, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. The ideal gas law PV = nRT relates pressure P, volume V, temperature T, and number of moles of a gas, n. The gas constant R equals 0.08208 L middot...

Solved • Jul 25, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. The combustion of octane, C8H18, proceeds according to the reaction 2C8H18 (l) + 25O2 (g) → 16CO2 (g) + 18H2O (l) If 579 mol of octane combusts, wh...

Solved • Jul 25, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Consider the following reaction. H2 (g) + I2 (s) → 2HI (g) If the cylinder with a movable piston below contains 1 mol H2(g) and 1 mol I2(s), which ...

Solved • Jul 24, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Chlorine gas reacts with fluorine gas to form chlorine trifluoride. Cl2 (g) + 3F2 (g) → 2ClF3 (g) A 1.95 L reaction vessel, initially at 298 K, con...

Solved • Jul 18, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Oxygen gas reacts with powdered aluminum according to the following reaction: 4Al (s) + 3O2 (g) → 2Al2O3 (s) What volume of O2 gas (in L) measured ...

Solved • Jul 16, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. For each of these equations, determine the change in the number of moles of gas, Δngas. (a) (NH4)2CO3 (s) → 2NH3 (g) + CO2 (g) + H2O (g) (b) H2 (g)...

Solved • Jul 4, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Hydrogen and iodine gases react to form hydrogen iodide gas as follows: H2 (g) + I2 (g) → 2HI (g) At a certain temperature and pressure 1.4 L of H ...

Solved • Jul 4, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. What is the total volume of all gases that are produced when 32.0 mL of C3H5(NO3)3 reacts as shown in the reaction below. Assume standard temp and ...

Solved • Jun 26, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Chlorine gas is collected from the following reaction of MnO2(s) with HCl:MnO2(s) + 4HCl(aq) → MnCl2(aq) + Cl2(g) + 2H2O(l) Calculate the volume of...

Solved • Jun 19, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Chlorine gas reacts with fluorine gas to form chlorine trifluoride. Cl2 (g) + 3F2 (g) → 2 ClF3 (g) A 2.00 L reaction vessel, initially at 298 K, co...

Solved • Jun 19, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Ammonium carbonate decomposes upon heating according to the following balanced equation: (NH4)2CO3 (s) → 2 NH3 (g) + CO2 (g) + H2O (g) Calculate th...

Solved • Jun 19, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. When aluminum is placed in concentrated hydrochloric acid, hydrogen gas is produced. 2 Al (s) + 6HCl (aq) → 2 AICI3 (aq) + 3H2 (g) What volume of H...

Solved • Jun 12, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. The combustion of octane, C8H18, proceeds according to the reaction2C8H18(l) + 25O2(g) → 16CO2(g) + 18H2O(l) If 305 mol of octane combusts, what vo...

Solved • Jun 12, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Chlorine can be prepared in the laboratory by the reaction of manganese dioxide with hydrochloric acid, HCl(aq), as described by the chemical equat...

Solved • Jun 12, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. In some aquatic ecosystems, nitrate (NO3-) is converted to nitrite (NO2-), which then decomposes to nitrogen and water. As an example of this secon...

Solved • Jun 5, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Enter your answer in the provided box. Ammonium nitrate, a common fertilizer, is used as an explosive in fireworks and by terrorists. It was the ma...

Solved • May 30, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. A baker uses sodium hydrogen carbonate (baking soda) as the agent in a banana-nut quickbread. The baking soda decomposes according to two possible ...

Solved • May 30, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. When aluminum is placed in concentrated hydrochloric acid, hydrogen gas is produced. 2AI (s) + 6HCI(aq) → 2AICI3(aq) + 3H3(g) What volume of H2(g) ...

Solved • May 29, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Reaction vessel contains 6.1 g of CO and 6.1 g of O2. How many grams of CO2 could be produced according to the following reaction?2 CO + O2 → 2 CO2

Solved • May 27, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Imagine that you have a 5.50 L gas tank and a 4.50 L gas tank. You need to fill one tank with oxygen and the other with acetylene to use in conjunc...

Solved • May 27, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Automobile air bags inflate during a crash or sudden stop by the rapid generation of nitrogen gas from sodium azide, according to the reaction:2NaN...

Solved • May 27, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Assume that a single cylinder of an automobile engine has a volume of 524 cm2.Part AIf the cylinder is full of air at 72 °C and 0.990 atm, how many...

Solved • May 27, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Assume that a single cylinder of an automobile engine has a volume of 525 cm3. If the cylinder is full of air at 73 ° C and 0.990 atm, how many mol...

Solved • May 21, 2018

Gas Stoichiometry

Q. Consider the following reaction:2SO2(g) + O2(g) → 2SO_s(g)If 285.3 mL of SO2 is allowed to react with 167.3 mL of O2 (both measured al 321 K and 53...

Solved • May 21, 2018