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The Colligative Properties Solutions Library

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254 solutions

The Colligative Properties

Q. Label each variable in the equation below with the correct units.

Solved • May 1, 2020

The Colligative Properties

Q. A solution with the same osmotic pressure as the blood is A) isotonic to the blood. B) hypotonic to the blood. C) hypertonic to the bloodD) nontoni...

Solved • Apr 29, 2020

The Colligative Properties

Q. For an aqueous solution of HF, determine the van't Hoff factor assuming... 0% ionization                                     100% ionization       ...

Solved • Mar 17, 2020

The Colligative Properties

Q. From the following list of aqueous solutions and water, select the one with the highest boiling point.A) 1.0 m KNO3B) 0.85 m NaClC) 0.75 m CuCl2D) ...

Solved • Feb 4, 2020

The Colligative Properties

Q. Calculate the vapor pressure of a solution prepared by dissolving 0.500 mol of a non-volatile solute in 275 g of hexane (M = 86.18 g/mol) at 49.6°C...

Solved • Feb 4, 2020

The Colligative Properties

Q. Pentane, C5H12 ; hexane C6H14 . The vapor pressure of an ideal mixture of pentane and hexane at room temperature contains 25.8% by mass pentane. Pu...

Solved • Jan 23, 2020

The Colligative Properties

Q. A certain aqueous solution has a density of 1.05g/cm3. The boiling point elevation for this solution is 0.6979°C. What is the osmotic pressure at t...

Solved • Jan 23, 2020

The Colligative Properties

Q. A solution contains 40.0g of C7H16 and 60.0g of C8H18 at 25°C. The vapor pressure of C7H16 and C8H18 at 25°C are 45.8 torr and 10.9 torr respective...

Solved • Jan 23, 2020

The Colligative Properties

Q. Three 1.0 L flasks maintained at 310K are connected to each other with stopcocks, initially closed. One flask contains 1.10 atm of N2; the second 2...

Solved • Jan 23, 2020

The Colligative Properties

Q. Which solution has the highest boiling point?A. 0.25 M C36H72O4 B. 0.25 M Na3PO4 C. 0.25 M table sugar, C12H24O12 D. 0.25 M NaCl E. 0.25 M acetone,...

Solved • Jan 22, 2020

The Colligative Properties

Q. Define and explain:Osmosis -

Solved • Jan 21, 2020

The Colligative Properties

Q. Name three colligative properties: 1. 2.3.

Solved • Jan 20, 2020

The Colligative Properties

Q. A solution is prepared by dissolving 456 g of sucrose (C12H22O11, molar mass 342 g/mol) in 764 g of water (18.02 g/mol; density 1.00 g/mL) calculat...

Solved • Jan 20, 2020

The Colligative Properties

Q. A solution is prepared by dissolving 456 g of sucrose (C12H22O11, molar mass 342 g/mol) in 764 g of water (18.02 g/mol; density 1.00 g/mL) calculat...

Solved • Jan 20, 2020

The Colligative Properties

Q. A solution is prepared by dissolving 456 g of sucrose (C12H22O11, molar mass 342 g/mol) in 764 g of water (18.02 g/mol; density 1.00 g/mL) calculat...

Solved • Jan 20, 2020

The Colligative Properties

Q. A solution is prepared by dissolving 456 g of sucrose (C12H22O11, molar mass 342 g/mol) in 764 g of water (18.02 g/mol; density 1.00 g/mL) calculat...

Solved • Jan 20, 2020

The Colligative Properties

Q. An extremely temperature sensitive enzyme was recently discovered in the East Indian blobfish and found to have amazing hair growth potential (even...

Solved • Jan 20, 2020

The Colligative Properties

Q. Which of the following aqueous solutions would be expected to have the highest boiling point?A. 0.20 m calcium chloride B. 0.20 m glucoseC. 0.20 m ...

Solved • Dec 20, 2019

The Colligative Properties

Q. 0.528 grams of an unknown non-electrolytic solute were dissolved in 50.0 g of water (Kfp = 1.86 K/m). If the freezing point of the solution was -0....

Solved • Dec 20, 2019

The Colligative Properties

Q. At 40°C, heptane has a vapor pressure of about 91.5 torr and octane has a vapor pressure of about 31.2 torr. Assuming ideal behavior, what is the v...

Solved • Dec 20, 2019

The Colligative Properties

Q. What mass of ethylene glycol (assume non-volatile), when mixed with 225 g H2O, will reduce the equilibrium vapor pressure of H2O from 1.00 atm to 0...

Solved • Dec 19, 2019

The Colligative Properties

Q. If we have three different solutions, A, B, and C, each containing 100 g of water, plus respectively 6.84 g of sucrose (C 12H 22O 11), 0.72 g of et...

Solved • Dec 19, 2019

The Colligative Properties

Q. A solution prepared by dissolving 3.27 g of a nonvolatile, covalent solute in 30.0 g of water boils at 100.74 °C. What is the approximate molar mas...

Solved • Dec 19, 2019

The Colligative Properties

Q. When water is added to a 0.50 m solution of glucose, which of the following will take place?I. the fp will decreaseII. the bp will decreaseIII. the...

Solved • Dec 16, 2019

The Colligative Properties

Q. When the following aqueous solutions are ranked in order of INCREASING vapor pressure, which solution is fourth on the list?0.2 m KNO30.2 m urea, (...

Solved • Dec 16, 2019

The Colligative Properties

Q. When 1.38 g of an unknown non-electrolyte is dissolved in 50.0 g of acetone, the freezing point decreased by 0.52 degrees C. If the Kfp of the solv...

Solved • Dec 12, 2019

The Colligative Properties

Q. Yttrium(III) chloride dissolves in water according to: YCl3(s) → Y3+(aq) + 3 Cl-(aq). What is the boiling point of the solution when 0.1953 g of YC...

Solved • Dec 12, 2019

The Colligative Properties

Q. Which of the following solutions will have the lowest freezing point? Input the appropriate letter.A. 35.0 g of C3H8O in 250.0 g of ethanol (C2H5OH...

Solved • Dec 12, 2019

The Colligative Properties

Q. Calculate the vapor pressure (in torr) at 310 K in a solution prepared by dissolving 12.3 g of the non-volatile non-electrolye sucrose (342.3 g/mol...

Solved • Dec 11, 2019

The Colligative Properties

Q. When the following aqueous solutions are ranked in order of INCREASING vapor pressure, which solution is fourth on the list (lowest vapor pressure)...

Solved • Nov 1, 2019

The Colligative Properties

Q. For a solution of H2SO4, determine the Van't Hoff factor assuminga) 0% ionization. b) 100% ionization. A solution is made by dissolving 0.0350 mol ...

Solved • Jul 10, 2019

The Colligative Properties

Q. The normal boiling point of ethanol, CH3CH2OH, is 78.4 C. When 8.65 g of a soluble nonelectrolyte is dissolved in 100.0 g of ethanol at that temper...

Solved • Dec 3, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. Does adding 1 mol of NaCl to 1 kg of water lower the vapor pressure of water to the same extent, a lesser extent, or a greater extent than adding 1...

Solved • Dec 3, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. At 35 oC the vapor pressure of acetone, (CH3 )2 CO, is 361 torr, and that of chloroform, CHCl3, is 301 torr. Acetone and chloroform can form weak h...

Solved • Dec 3, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. The vapor pressure of pure water at 60oC is 149 torr. The vapor pressure of water over a solution at 60 oC containing equal numbers of moles of wat...

Solved • Dec 3, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. The osmotic pressure of 0.013 M aqueous solution of CaCl2 is found to be 0.693 atm at 25 oC.Calculate the vant Hoff factor, i, for the solution.

Solved • Dec 3, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. Proteins frequently form complexes in which 2, 3, 4 or even more individual proteins (“monomers”) interact specifically with each other via hydroge...

Solved • Dec 3, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. The vapor pressure of benzene, C6H6, is 100.0 torr at 26.1 oC. Assuming Raoult’s law is obeyed, how many moles of a nonvolatile solute must be adde...

Solved • Dec 3, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. You make a solution of a nonvolatile solute with a liquid solvent. Indicate whether each of the following statements is true or false.(a) The freez...

Solved • Dec 3, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. A solution contains 0.111 mol H2O and an unknown number of moles of sodium chloride. The vapor pressure of the solution at 30 oC is 25.7 torr. The ...

Solved • Dec 3, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. Does a 0.10 m aqueous solution of NaCl have a higher boiling point, a lower boiling pointpoint, or the same boiling point as a 0.10 m aqueous solut...

Solved • Dec 3, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. Osmosis is the process of a solvent moving from one compartment to another, across a semipermeable membrane, toward higher solute concentration. Os...

Solved • Dec 3, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. Osmosis through red blood cell walls. If water moves out of the red blood cell, it shrivels (crenation); if water moves into the red blood cell, it...

Solved • Dec 3, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. Consider two solutions, one formed by adding 10 g of glucose (C6 H12 O6 ) to 1 L of water and the other formed by adding 10 g of sucrose (C12 H22 O...

Solved • Dec 3, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. Two beakers are placed in a sealed box at 25 oC. One beaker contains 35.0 mL of a 5.5×10−2 M aqueous solution of a nonvolatile nonelectrolyte. The ...

Solved • Dec 3, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. Two beakers are placed in a sealed box at 25 oC. One beaker contains 35.0 mL of a 5.5×10−2 M aqueous solution of a nonvolatile nonelectrolyte. The ...

Solved • Dec 3, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. Carbon disulfide (CS2 ) boils at 46.30 oC and has a density of 1.261 g/mL.When 5.40 g of a nondissociating unknown is dissolved in 50.0 mL of CS2, ...

Solved • Dec 3, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. A lithium salt used in lubricating grease has the formula LiCn H2n + 1 O2. The salt is soluble in water to the extent of 0.036 g per 100 g of water...

Solved • Dec 3, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. Is the osmotic pressure of a 0.10 M solution of NaCl greater than, less than, or equal to that of a 0.10 M solution of KBr?

Solved • Dec 3, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. List the following aqueous solutions in order of decreasing freezing point: 0.040 m glycerin (C3H8O3), 0.020 m potassium bromide (KBr), 0.030 m phe...

Solved • Dec 3, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. The following diagram shows the vapor pressure curves of a volatile solvent and a solution of that solvent containing a nonvolatile solute. Which...

Solved • Dec 3, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. Suppose you had a balloon made of some highly flexible semipermeable membrane. The balloon is filled completely with a 0.2 M solution of some solut...

Solved • Dec 3, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. At 63.5oC the vapor pressure of H2O is 175 torr, and that of ethanol (C2H5OH) is 400 torr. A solution is made by mixing equal masses of H2O and C2H...

Solved • Dec 3, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. Arrange the following aqueous solutions, each 10% by mass in solute, in order of decreasing boiling point: glucose (C6H12O6), sucrose (C 12H22O11),...

Solved • Dec 3, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. List the following aqueous solutions in order of decreasing boiling point. 0.120 m glucose, 0.050 m LiBr, 0.050 m Zn ( NO3 )2.

Solved • Dec 3, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. A solution contains 0.115 mol H2O and an unknown number of moles of sodium chloride. The vapor pressure of the solution at 30oC is 25.5 torr. The v...

Solved • Dec 3, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. Calculate the osmotic pressure (in atmospheres) of a solution containing 2.10 g ethylene glycol (C2H6O2) in 53.0 mL of solution at 25oC.

Solved • Dec 3, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. A solution contains 4.08 g of chloroform (CHCl3 ) and 9.29 g of acetone (CH3 COCH3 ). The vapor pressures at 35 oC of pure chloroform and pure acet...

Solved • Dec 3, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. Use the van't Hoff factors in the table below to calculate each colligative property:Van't Hoff Factors at 0.05 m Concentration in Aqueous Solution...

Solved • Dec 3, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. Using the van't Hoff factors in the table below, calculate the mass of solute required to make each aqueous solution.Van't Hoff factors at 0.05 m c...

Solved • Dec 3, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. The vapor pressure of carbon tetrachloride, CCl4, is 0.354 atm and the vapor pressure of chloroform, CHCl3, is 0.526 atm at 316 K. A solution is pr...

Solved • Dec 3, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. A solution contains 4.08 g of chloroform (CHCl3 ) and 9.29 g of acetone (CH3 COCH3 ). The vapor pressures at 35 oC of pure chloroform and pure acet...

Solved • Dec 3, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. Which of these aqueous solutions has the highest boiling point?a) 1.25 M C6H12O6b) 1.25 M KNO3c) 1.25 M Ca(NO3)2d) None of the above (they all have...

Solved • Dec 3, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. A 2.4 m aqueous solution of an ionic compound with the formula MX2 has a boiling point of 103.4 oC. Calculate the van't Hoff factor (i) for MX2 at ...

Solved • Dec 3, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. A solution of 75.0 g of benzene (C6H6) and 75.0 g of toluene (C7H8) has a total vapor pressure of 80.9 mmHg at 303 K. Another solution of 100.0 g b...

Solved • Dec 3, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. The vapor pressure of a 1 M ionic solution is different from the vapor pressure of a 1 M nonionic solution. In both cases, the solute is nonvolatil...

Solved • Dec 3, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. The vapor above a mixture of pentane and hexane at room temperature contains 35.5% pentane by mass. What is the mass percent composition of the sol...

Solved • Dec 3, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. A 1.10-g sample contains only glucose (C6H12O6) and sucrose (C12H22O11 ). When the sample is dissolved in water to a total solution volume of 25.0 ...

Solved • Dec 3, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. Two alcohols, isopropyl alcohol and propyl alcohol, have the same molecular formula, C3H8O. A solution of the two that is two-thirds by mass isopro...

Solved • Dec 3, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. Two alcohols, isopropyl alcohol and propyl alcohol, have the same molecular formula, C3H8O. A solution of the two that is two-thirds by mass isopro...

Solved • Dec 3, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. A metal, M, of atomic weight 96 reacts with fluorine to form a salt that can be represented as MFx. In order to determine x and therefore the formu...

Solved • Dec 3, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. When HNO2 is dissolved in water it partially dissociates according to the equation HNO2 ⇌ H+ + NO2–. A solution is prepared that contains 7.050 g o...

Solved • Dec 3, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. A solution of a nonvolatile solute in water has a boiling point of 380.4 K .Calculate the vapor pressure of water above this solution at 338 K. The...

Solved • Dec 3, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. The density of a 0.438 M solution of potassium chromate (K2 CrO4) at 298 K is 1.063 g/mL.Calculate the vapor pressure of water above the solution. ...

Solved • Dec 3, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. Magnesium citrate, Mg3(C6H5O7 )2, belongs to a class of laxatives called hyperosmotics, which are used for rapid emptying of the bowel. When a conc...

Solved • Dec 3, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. A 0.126 M ionic solution has an osmotic pressure of 8.3 atm at 28 oC. Calculate the van't Hoff factor (i) for this solution.

Solved • Dec 3, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. What mass of sucrose (C12H22O11) should be combined with 501 g of water to make a solution with an osmotic pressure of 8.55 atm at 300 K ? (Assume ...

Solved • Dec 3, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. A solution containing 27.55 mg of an unknown protein per 25.5 mL solution was found to have an osmotic pressure of 3.55 torr at 28 oC. What is the ...

Solved • Dec 3, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. A beaker contains 100.0 mL of pure water. A second beaker contains 100.0 mL of seawater. The two beakers are left side by side on a lab bench for o...

Solved • Dec 3, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. A solution contains naphthalene (C10H8) dissolved in hexane (C6H14) at a concentration of 12.51 % naphthalene by mass. Calculate the vapor pressure...

Solved • Dec 3, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. A solution contains 50.5 g of heptane (C7H16) and 50.5 g of octane (C8H18) at 25 oC. The vapor pressures of pure heptane and pure octane at 25 oC a...

Solved • Dec 3, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. A solution contains 50.5 g of heptane (C7H16) and 50.5 g of octane (C8H18) at 25 oC. The vapor pressures of pure heptane and pure octane at 25 oC a...

Solved • Dec 3, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. A solution of methanol and water has a mole fraction of water of 0.312 and a total vapor pressure of 211 torr at 39.9oC. The vapor pressures of pur...

Solved • Dec 3, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. A solution contains equal amounts (in moles) of liquid components A and B. The vapor pressure of pure A is 100 mmHg and that of pure B is 200 mmHg....

Solved • Dec 3, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. Two liquids, A and B, have vapor pressures at a given temperature of 24 mmHg and 36 mmHg, respectively. We prepare solutions of A and B at a given ...

Solved • Nov 27, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. Four U tubes each have distilled water in the right arm, a solution in the left arm, and a semipermeable membrane between the arms.(a) If the solut...

Solved • Oct 30, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. In a study designed to prepare new gasoline-resistant coatings, a polymer chemist dissolves 6.053 g of poly(vinyl alcohol) in enough water to make ...

Solved • Oct 30, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. At 37°C, 0.30 M sucrose has about the same osmotic pressure as blood. What is the osmotic pressure of blood?

Solved • Oct 30, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. Rank the following aqueous solutions in order of decreasing(b) boiling point;(I) 0.04 m urea [(NH2)2C=O](II) 0.01 m AgNO3 (III) 0.03 m CuSO4

Solved • Oct 30, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. Rank the following aqueous solutions in order of increasing(c) freezing point;(I) 0.100 m NaNO3 (II) 0.100 m glucose(III) 0.100 m CaCl2

Solved • Oct 30, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. Rank the following aqueous solutions in order of increasing (a) osmotic pressure; (I) 0.100 m NaNO3 (II) 0.100 m glucose (III) 0.100 m CaCl2

Solved • Oct 30, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. Which solution has the lower freezing point? (a) 11.0 g of CH3OH in 100. g of H2O or 22.0 g of CH3CH2OH in 200. g of H2O

Solved • Oct 30, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. A salt is known to be an alkali metal fluoride. A quick approximate determination of freezing point indicates that 4 g of the salt dissolved in 100...

Solved • Oct 29, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. A sample of HgCl2 weighing 9.41 g is dissolved in 32.75 g of ethanol, C2H5OH (Kb = 1.20 °C/m). The boiling point elevation of the solution is 1.27 ...

Solved • Oct 29, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. The vapor pressure of methanol, CH3OH, is 94 torr at 20 °C. The vapor pressure of ethanol, C2H5OH, is 44 torr at the same temperature.(a) Calculate...

Solved • Oct 29, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. The sugar fructose contains 40.0% C, 6.7% H, and 53.3% O by mass. A solution of 11.7 g of fructose in 325 g of ethanol has a boiling point of 78.59...

Solved • Oct 29, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. The osmotic pressure of a solution containing 7.0 g of insulin per liter is 23 torr at 25 °C. What is the molar mass of insulin?

Solved • Oct 29, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. Arrange the following solutions in order by their decreasing freezing points: 0.1 m Na3PO4, 0.1 m C2H5OH, 0.01 m CO2, 0.15 m NaCl, and 0.2 m CaCl2.

Solved • Oct 29, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. A solution contains 5.00 g of urea, CO(NH2)2, a nonvolatile compound, dissolved in 0.100 kg of water. If the vapor pressure of pure water at 25 °C ...

Solved • Oct 29, 2018

The Colligative Properties

Q. A sample of an organic compound (a nonelectrolyte) weighing 1.35 g lowered the freezing point of 10.0 g of benzene by 3.66 °C. Calculate the molar ...

Solved • Oct 29, 2018