Problem: In a thermodynamic study a scientist focuses on the properties of a solution in an apparatus as illustrated. A solution is continuously flowing into the apparatus at the top and out at the bottom, such that the amount of solution in the apparatus is constant with time.Is the solution in the apparatus a closed system, open system, or isolated system?

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We are asked to identify whether the system illustrated is a closed, open or isolated system.


A beaker filled with solution is shown with a tube labeled “In” near the top and a tube labeled “Out” near the bottom.

This is a system wherein, there is a constant flow of a solution into the apparatus at the top and out at the bottom, such that the amount of solution in the apparatus is constant with time.


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Problem Details

In a thermodynamic study a scientist focuses on the properties of a solution in an apparatus as illustrated. A solution is continuously flowing into the apparatus at the top and out at the bottom, such that the amount of solution in the apparatus is constant with time.
A beaker filled with solution is shown with a tube labeled “In” near the top and a tube labeled “Out” near the bottom.

Is the solution in the apparatus a closed system, open system, or isolated system?