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Problem: Solutions of sodium carbonate and silver nitrate react to form solid silver carbonate and a solution of sodium nitrate. A solution containing 3.60 g of sodium carbonate is mixed with one containing 5.14 g of silver nitrate.How many grams of silver nitrate are present after the reaction is complete?

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Solutions of sodium carbonate and silver nitrate react to form solid silver carbonate and a solution of sodium nitrate. A solution containing 3.60 g of sodium carbonate is mixed with one containing 5.14 g of silver nitrate.

Reactants:

sodium carbonate solution → Na2CO3(aq)
silver nitrate solution → AgNO3(aq)


Products:

solid silver carbonate  → Ag2CO3(s)
sodium nitrate solution → NaNO3(aq)


Balanced reaction:   Na2CO3(aq) + 2 AgNO3(aq) → Ag2CO3(s) + 2 NaNO3(aq)


Determine the limiting reactant.

Ag2CO3(s) from Na2CO3(aq):

molar mass Ag2CO3 = 275.75 g/mol
molar mass Na2CO3 = 106.00 g/mol

mass Ag2CO3=3.60 g Na2CO3×1 mol Na2CO3106.00 g Na2CO3                                            ×1 mol Ag2CO31 mol Na2CO3×275.75 g Ag2CO31 mol Ag2CO3

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Problem Details

Solutions of sodium carbonate and silver nitrate react to form solid silver carbonate and a solution of sodium nitrate. A solution containing 3.60 g of sodium carbonate is mixed with one containing 5.14 g of silver nitrate.

How many grams of silver nitrate are present after the reaction is complete?

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What scientific concept do you need to know in order to solve this problem?

Our tutors have indicated that to solve this problem you will need to apply the Limiting Reagent concept. If you need more Limiting Reagent practice, you can also practice Limiting Reagent practice problems.