Ch.3 - Chemical ReactionsWorksheetSee all chapters
All Chapters
Ch.1 - Intro to General Chemistry
Ch.2 - Atoms & Elements
Ch.3 - Chemical Reactions
BONUS: Lab Techniques and Procedures
BONUS: Mathematical Operations and Functions
Ch.4 - Chemical Quantities & Aqueous Reactions
Ch.5 - Gases
Ch.6 - Thermochemistry
Ch.7 - Quantum Mechanics
Ch.8 - Periodic Properties of the Elements
Ch.9 - Bonding & Molecular Structure
Ch.10 - Molecular Shapes & Valence Bond Theory
Ch.11 - Liquids, Solids & Intermolecular Forces
Ch.12 - Solutions
Ch.13 - Chemical Kinetics
Ch.14 - Chemical Equilibrium
Ch.15 - Acid and Base Equilibrium
Ch.16 - Aqueous Equilibrium
Ch. 17 - Chemical Thermodynamics
Ch.18 - Electrochemistry
Ch.19 - Nuclear Chemistry
Ch.20 - Organic Chemistry
Ch.22 - Chemistry of the Nonmetals
Ch.23 - Transition Metals and Coordination Compounds

Solution: Menthol, the substance we can smell in mentholated cough drops, is composed of C, H, and O. A 0.1106 -mg sample of menthol is combusted, producing 0.3112 mg of CO2 and 0.1275 mg of H2 O. What is the empirical formula for menthol?

Solution: Menthol, the substance we can smell in mentholated cough drops, is composed of C, H, and O. A 0.1106 -mg sample of menthol is combusted, producing 0.3112 mg of CO2 and 0.1275 mg of H2 O. What is the e

Problem

Menthol, the substance we can smell in mentholated cough drops, is composed of C, H, and O. A 0.1106 -mg sample of menthol is combusted, producing 0.3112 mg of CO2 and 0.1275 mg of H2 O. What is the empirical formula for menthol?

Solution

We’re being asked to determine the empirical formula of a compound composed of C, H, and O given the combustion analysis.


Recall that in combustion analysisa compound reacts with excess O2 to form products


For a compound composed of C, H, and O, the reaction looks like this:


CxHyOz + O2 (excess)  x CO2y H2O


This means we need to do the following steps:

Step 1: Calculate the mass of C and H in the compound.

Step 2: Calculate the mass of O in the compound.

Step 3: Determine the lowest whole number ratio of C, H, and O to get the empirical formula.


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