Problem: Among the solubility rule previously discussed is the statement: Carbonates, phosphates, borates, and arsenates—except those of the ammonium ion and the alkali metals—are insoluble.(a) Write the expression for the equilibrium constant for the reaction represented by the equationCaCO3(s) ⇌ Ca2+(aq) + CO3 2−(aq). Is Kc > 1, < 1, or ≈ 1? Explain your answer.

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CaCO3(s) ⇌ Ca2+(aq) + CO3 2−(aq)


K=productsreactants

**solids not included


K expression for the reaction:

Kc=productsreactantsKc=[Ca2+][CO32-]


Carbonates (CO32-) are insoluble except when with Group 1A ions (Li+, Na+, K+, etc.) and ammonium ion (NH4+)

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Problem Details

Among the solubility rule previously discussed is the statement: Carbonates, phosphates, borates, and arsenates—except those of the ammonium ion and the alkali metals—are insoluble.

(a) Write the expression for the equilibrium constant for the reaction represented by the equation
CaCO3(s) ⇌ Ca2+(aq) + CO3 2−(aq). Is Kc > 1, < 1, or ≈ 1? Explain your answer.

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