An unknown compound was isolated, purified, and sent off for elemental analysis. It was suspected that the compound was a hydrocarbon of some type, so a carbon-hydrogen analysis was requested, and the following results were returned: %C, 59.94; %H, 12.08. A reasonable empirical formula was obtained by assuming that the remaining mass was due entirely to nitrogen, but the compound was never resubmitted for a nitrogen analysis.
a) Determine the empirical formula for the compound assuming that it consists of carbon, hydrogen, and nitrogen. Be sure to show your work, and write the empirical formula in the box provided.
The empirical formula is
b) It was later determined that the other element in the compound was silicon, not nitrogen. You could repeat the above analysis based on carbon, hydrogen, and silicon, but a quick glance at the periodic table should allow you to immediately write the empirical formula based on the work you did in Part A.
1. What is the empirical formula for the compound assuming that it consists of carbon, hydrogen, and silicon?
2. Explain how you can determine the empirical formula based on the work you did in Part A without repeating the full calculation.
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