Ch.19 - Nuclear ChemistrySee all chapters
All Chapters
Ch.1 - Intro to General Chemistry
Ch.2 - Atoms & Elements
Ch.3 - Chemical Reactions
BONUS: Lab Techniques and Procedures
BONUS: Mathematical Operations and Functions
Ch.4 - Chemical Quantities & Aqueous Reactions
Ch.5 - Gases
Ch.6 - Thermochemistry
Ch.7 - Quantum Mechanics
Ch.8 - Periodic Properties of the Elements
Ch.9 - Bonding & Molecular Structure
Ch.10 - Molecular Shapes & Valence Bond Theory
Ch.11 - Liquids, Solids & Intermolecular Forces
Ch.12 - Solutions
Ch.13 - Chemical Kinetics
Ch.14 - Chemical Equilibrium
Ch.15 - Acid and Base Equilibrium
Ch.16 - Aqueous Equilibrium
Ch. 17 - Chemical Thermodynamics
Ch.18 - Electrochemistry
Ch.19 - Nuclear Chemistry
Ch.20 - Organic Chemistry
Ch.22 - Chemistry of the Nonmetals
Ch.23 - Transition Metals and Coordination Compounds

Solution: The steady-state stratospheric ozone concentration, which is...

Problem

The steady-state stratospheric ozone concentration, which is determined by a balance between photochemical production and dissociation, has been offset by the presence of long-lived chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) released in the troposphere through anthropogenic activity. According to the following mechanism, ozone depletion requires ________ radiation to initiate a chain reaction in which ________ serves as the catalyst.

CFCl3 + hν → CFCl2 + Cl

Cl + O3 → ClO + O2

ClO + O3 → Cl + 2 O2

 

A. Infrared, chlorine atoms

B. Ultraviolet, chlorine atoms

C. Infrared, chlorine monoxide

D. Ultraviolet, chlorine monoxide

E. Ultraviolet, CFCl3