Atomic Theory Video Lessons

Concept: The Conservation of Matter

# Problem: Benzene, ethane, and ethylene are just three of a large number of hydrocarbons-compounds that contain only carbon and hydrogen. Show how the following data are consistent with the law of multiple proportions.CompoundMass of carbon in 5.00  g  sampleMass of hydrogen in 5.00  g  sampleBenzene4.61 g0.39 gEthane4.00 g1.00 gEthylene4.29 g0.71 g

###### FREE Expert Solution

We're asked to show if the data given are consistent with the Law of Multiple Proportions.

The mass ratios for Carbon and Hydrogen for compounds benzene, ethane, and ethylene are given below:

 Compound Mass of carbon in 5.00  g  sample Mass of hydrogen in 5.00  g  sample Benzene 4.61 g 0.39 g Ethane 4.00 g 1.00 g Ethylene 4.29 g 0.71 g

Recall that according to the Law of Multiple Proportions:

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###### Problem Details

Benzene, ethane, and ethylene are just three of a large number of hydrocarbons-compounds that contain only carbon and hydrogen. Show how the following data are consistent with the law of multiple proportions.

 Compound Mass of carbon in 5.00  g  sample Mass of hydrogen in 5.00  g  sample Benzene 4.61 g 0.39 g Ethane 4.00 g 1.00 g Ethylene 4.29 g 0.71 g