Problem: The structural formulas of the compounds n-butane and isobutane are shown below.Which formulas-empirical, molecular, or structural-allow you determine these are different compounds?

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FREE Expert Solution

Both n-butane and isobutane would have the same number and ratio of carbons and hydrogens.

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Problem Details

The structural formulas of the compounds n-butane and isobutane are shown below.

N-butane: A chain of four carbons joined by single bonds. The end Cs are CH3s and the middle Cs are CH2s. Isobutane: A chain of three Cs joined by single bonds. The end Cs are CH3s and the middle C is a CH single bonded above to CH3.

Which formulas-empirical, molecular, or structural-allow you determine these are different compounds?

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What scientific concept do you need to know in order to solve this problem?

Our tutors have indicated that to solve this problem you will need to apply the Empirical Formula concept. You can view video lessons to learn Empirical Formula. Or if you need more Empirical Formula practice, you can also practice Empirical Formula practice problems.

What professor is this problem relevant for?

Based on our data, we think this problem is relevant for Professor Bischof's class at PSU.