Problem: Ball-and-stick representations of benzene, a colorless liquid often used in organic chemistry reactions, and acetylene, a gas used as a fuel for high-temperature welding, are shown below. Determine the empirical formula of each.

FREE Expert Solution

For the ball and stick model, the black balls represent carbon while the white balls represent hydrogen.

Since we are given two hydrocarbons, we are only dealing with carbon and hydrogen to get the empirical formula.

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Problem Details
Ball-and-stick representations of benzene, a colorless liquid often used in organic chemistry reactions, and acetylene, a gas used as a fuel for high-temperature welding, are shown below.

Benzene is a hexagon ring with carbon atoms forming each of the vertices. There are double bonds alternating with single bonds in the ring, with the first double bond in the upper right side. Each carbon is single bonded out of the ring to a hydrogen. Acetylene is two carbons triple bonded together. Each carbon is also single bonded to one hydrogen. 

Determine the empirical formula of each.

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Based on our data, we think this problem is relevant for Professor Lapeyrouse's class at UCF.