To determine the name of the compound, let’s first determine the different functional groups of organic compounds.
• simplest type of functional group
• made up only of carbons and hydrogens single bonded to each other
• with at least one carbon-carbon double bond
• with at least one carbon-carbon triple bond
• contains carbon single bonded with -OH
• contains at least one carbon single bonded with Nitrogen (-N)
• contains a carbon double bonded to an oxygen (=O) and single bonded to a hydrogen (-H)
• terminal functional group (found at the end of the compound)
• contains three carbons and the middle carbon is double bonded to an oxygen (=O)
• contains a carbon double bonded to an oxygen (=O) and single bonded to an –OH
• contains a carbon double bonded to an oxygen (=O) and single bonded to an oxygen (-O) and that oxygen is single bonded to another carbon
Consider the following organic substances: ethanol, propane, hexane, and propanol.
Which of these molecules contains an OH group?
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