Problem: Pentane is the alkane with a chain of five carbon atoms. Write a structural formula for this compound.

FREE Expert Solution

Alkanes are compounds that contain only carbons and hydrogens single bonded to one another. They are sometimes referred to simply as “hydrocarbons"


When naming alkanes:

A prefix is used to indicate the number of carbons:

meth-             1 carbon
eth-                2 carbons
prop-              3 carbons
but-                4 carbons
pent-              5 carbons
hex-                6 carbons
hept-              7 carbons
oct-                8 carbons
non-               9 carbons
dec-               10 carbons


And because it is an alkane, we will take the ending -ane to name the organic compound

Combine the prefix and the ending:      prefix + -ane = name of the alkane

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Problem Details

Pentane is the alkane with a chain of five carbon atoms. Write a structural formula for this compound.

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