We’re being asked to give the systematic name of muriatic acid, HCl.
Recall that acids come in two different forms: Binary acids and Oxyacids (or oxoacids).
A binary acid is a covalent compound that contains an H+ ion connected to negative ion.
An oxyacid is a covalent compound that contains an H+ ion connected to a polyatomic ion containing oxygen.
Rules for Naming Binary Acids:
a. The prefix will be hydro-
b. Use the base name of the nonmetal (anion)
Many familiar substances have common, unsystematic names. For each of the following, give the correct systematic name.
muriatic acid, HCl
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