Many familiar substances have common, unsystematic names. For each of the following, give the correct systematic name.
muriatic acid, HCl
We’re being asked to give the systematic name of muriatic acid, HCl.
Recall that acids come in two different forms: Binary acids and Oxyacids (or oxoacids).
A binary acid is a covalent compound that contains an H+ ion connected to negative ion.
An oxyacid is a covalent compound that contains an H+ ion connected to a polyatomic ion containing oxygen.
Rules for Naming Binary Acids:
a. The prefix will be hydro-
b. Use the base name of the nonmetal (anion)