# Problem: Two important industrial chemicals, ethene, C2H4, and propene, C3H6, are produced by the steam (or thermal) cracking process:2C3H8(g) ⟶ C2H4(g) + C3H6(g) + CH4(g) + H2(g)For each of the four carbon compounds, do the following:(c) Determine the hybridization of each type of carbon atom.

###### FREE Expert Solution

We are asked to determine the hybridization of each type of carbon atom.

Orbitals that can be used by the central atom:

Subshell                   Total # of orbitals

s             _                 1 orbital

p          _ _ _              3 orbitals

d        _ _ _ _ _          5 orbitals

C3H8(g

C→ Group 4A → 3 x 4 ve = 12 ve

H → Group 1A → 8 x 1 ve = 8 ve

Total = 20 ve 1 s orbital + 3 p orbitals = 4 orbitals (4 groups)

s p p p = sp3

The hybridization of each carbon in C3His sp3

C2H4(g

C→ Group 4A → 2 x 4 ve = 8 ve

H → Group 1A → 4 x 1 ve = 4 ve

Total = 12 ve 1 s orbital + 2 p orbitals = 3 orbitals (3 groups)

s p p = sp2

The hybridization of each carbon in C2His sp2 ###### Problem Details

Two important industrial chemicals, ethene, C2H4, and propene, C3H6, are produced by the steam (or thermal) cracking process:

2C3H8(g) ⟶ C2H4(g) + C3H6(g) + CH4(g) + H2(g)

For each of the four carbon compounds, do the following:

(c) Determine the hybridization of each type of carbon atom.