Hybridization - depends on # of electron groups around central atom
P (less electronegative than O) → central atom
Total number of valence electrons:
Group Valence Electrons
P 5A 1 × 5 e– = 5 e–
O 6A 4 × 6 e– = 24 e–
From -3 charge Add: 3 e–
Total: 32 valence e–
Orbitals that can be used by the central atom:
Subshell Total # of orbitals
s _ 1 orbital
p _ _ _ 3 orbitals
d _ _ _ _ _ 5 orbitals
There are 4 groups around central element:
▪ 4 O atoms + 0 lone pairs = 4 groups (needs 4 orbitals)
What is the hybridization of the central atom in each of the following?
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What scientific concept do you need to know in order to solve this problem?
Our tutors have indicated that to solve this problem you will need to apply the Hybridization concept. You can view video lessons to learn Hybridization. Or if you need more Hybridization practice, you can also practice Hybridization practice problems.
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Based on our data, we think this problem is relevant for Professor Bellert's class at BAYLOR.
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Our data indicates that this problem or a close variation was asked in Chemistry - OpenStax 2015th Edition. You can also practice Chemistry - OpenStax 2015th Edition practice problems.