Chemistry Practice Problems Periodic Trends: Ionic Radius Practice Problems Solution: The ionic radii of the ions S2–, Cl–, and K+ are 1...

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Solution: The ionic radii of the ions S2–, Cl–, and K+ are 184, 181, 138 pm respectively. Explain why these ions have different sizes even though they contain the same number of electrons.

Problem

The ionic radii of the ions S2–, Cl, and K+ are 184, 181, 138 pm respectively. Explain why these ions have different sizes even though they contain the same number of electrons.

Solution

We’re being asked to explain why the ionic radius of the following ions have different sizes even though they contain the same number of electrons. 


Recall that ionic radius is the size of an ion. The trend for ionic radius is as follows: it increases from right to left and down a period in the periodic table. Ionic radius also increases with increasing number of electrons.


For this problem, we need to do the following:

Step 1: Determine the electrons in each species.

Step 2: Compare the charges if they are isoelectronic.


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