The ground state electronic configuration of an element is the configuration where the lower energy levels are occupied before the electrons start to occupy higher energy levels.
In an excited electronic configuration, an electron can absorb energy to jump to a higher energy level, leaving behind a partially filled lower energy level.
One reason spectroscopists study excited states is to gain information about the energies of orbitals that are unoccupied in an atom’s ground state. Each of the following electron configurations represents an atom in an excited state. Identify the element, and write its condensed ground-state configuration:
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