The electron configuration describes the distribution of electrons within its orbitals.
Each orbital can only contain a specific maximum number of electrons:
s = 2 electrons
p = 6 electrons
d = 10 electrons
f = 14 electrons
a. The condensed electron configuration of Niobium, showing only the 5 valence electrons is:
Nb: [Kr] 5s1 4d4
Niobium (Nb; Z = 41) has an anomalous ground-state electron configuration for a Group 5B(5) element: [Kr] 5s14d4. What is the expected electron configuration for elements in this group? Draw partial orbital diagrams to show how paramagnetic measurements could support niobium’s actual configuration.
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