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Outline the steps needed to solve the following problem, then do the calculations. Ether, (C2H5)2O, which was originally used as an anesthetic but has been replaced by safer and more effective medications, is prepared by the reaction of ethanol with sulfuric acid.
2C2H5OH + H2SO4⟶ (C2H5)2O + H2SO4∙H2O
What is the percent yield of ether if 1.17 L (d = 0.7134 g/mL) is isolated from the reaction of 1.500 L of C2H5OH (d = 0.7894 g/mL)?
We first need to determine the theoretical yield of ether, (C2H5)2O, from the reaction. Recall that the theoretical yield is the expected amount of product formed in a reaction.
Using the given volume (1.500 L) and density (0.7894 g/mL) of C2H5OH, we can calculate the mass of C2H5OH consumed in the reaction: