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Problem: Toluene, C6H5CH3, is oxidized by air under carefully controlled conditions to benzoic acid, C6H5CO2H, which is used to prepare the food preservative sodium benzoate, C 6H5CO2Na. What is the percent yield of a reaction that converts 1.000 kg of toluene to 1.21 kg of benzoic acid?2C6H5CH3 + 3O2 ⟶ 2C6H5CO2H + 2H2O

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FREE Expert Solution

Recall the formula for percent yield:

Actual yield is the given actual mass of benzoic acid produced from the reaction:

Actual yield = 1.21 kg toluene

Calculate the theoretical yield (assuming all of the 1.000 kg of toluene is converted to benzoic acid).

Balanced reaction: 2 C6H5CH3 + 3 O2⟶ 2 C6H5CO2H + 2 H2O

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Problem Details

Toluene, C6H5CH3, is oxidized by air under carefully controlled conditions to benzoic acid, C6H5CO2H, which is used to prepare the food preservative sodium benzoate, C 6H5CO2Na. What is the percent yield of a reaction that converts 1.000 kg of toluene to 1.21 kg of benzoic acid?
2C6H5CH3 + 3O2 ⟶ 2C6H5CO2H + 2H2O

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Our tutors have indicated that to solve this problem you will need to apply the Percent Yield concept. If you need more Percent Yield practice, you can also practice Percent Yield practice problems.

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Based on our data, we think this problem is relevant for Professor Holland's class at YU.

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Our data indicates that this problem or a close variation was asked in Chemistry - OpenStax 2015th Edition. You can also practice Chemistry - OpenStax 2015th Edition practice problems.