Problem: Freon-12 is used as a refrigerant in central home air conditioners. The rate of effusion of Freon-12 to Freon-11 (molar mass = 137.4 g/mol) is 1.07:1. The formula of Freon-12 is one of the following: CF4, CF3Cl, CF2Cl2, CFCl3, or CCl4. Which formula is correct for Freon-12?

FREE Expert Solution

Recall that Graham's Law of Effusion allows us to compare the rate of effusion of two gases. Graham's Law states that the rate of effusion of a gas is inversely proportional to its molar mass.

$\mathbf{rate}\mathbf{=}\frac{\mathbf{1}}{\sqrt{{\mathbf{MM}}_{\mathbf{gas}}}}$

This means that when comparing two gases:

gas 1 = Freon-12

gas 2 = Freon-11

ratio: 1.07:1

molar mass Freon-11 = 137.4 g/mol

Problem Details

Freon-12 is used as a refrigerant in central home air conditioners. The rate of effusion of Freon-12 to Freon-11 (molar mass = 137.4 g/mol) is 1.07:1. The formula of Freon-12 is one of the following: CF4, CF3Cl, CF2Cl2, CFCl3, or CCl4. Which formula is correct for Freon-12?