Ethanol (CH3CH2OH), the intoxicant in alcoholic beverages, is also used to make other organic compounds. In concentrated sulfuric acid, ethanol forms diethyl ether and water: 2CH3CH2OH(l) ⟶CH3CH2OCH2CH3(l) + H2O(g)
In a side reaction, some ethanol forms ethylene and water: CH3CH2OH(l) ⟶CH2CH2(g) + H2O(g)
(a) If 50.0 g of ethanol yields 35.9 g of diethyl ether, what is the percent yield of diethyl ether?
(b) If 45.0% of the ethanol that did not produce the ether reacts by the side reaction, what mass (g) of ethylene is produced?