Problem: White phosphorus melts and then vaporizes at high temperatures. The gas effuses at a rate that is 0.404 times that of neon in the same apparatus under the same conditions. How many atoms are in a molecule of gaseous white phosphorus?

🤓 Based on our data, we think this question is relevant for Professor Mitchell's class at UMN.

FREE Expert Solution

Recall: Graham's Law of Effusion allows us to compare the rate of effusion of two gases. Graham's Law states that the rate of effusion of a gas is inversely proportional to its molar mass.

This means that when comparing two gases:

To determine the number of atoms in a molecule of white phosphorus (WP), we first need to determine the molar mass of white phosphorus. This will help us determine the chemical formula of white phosphorus, allowing us to do a mole-to-mole comparison between WP and elemental phosphorus.

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Problem Details

White phosphorus melts and then vaporizes at high temperatures. The gas effuses at a rate that is 0.404 times that of neon in the same apparatus under the same conditions. How many atoms are in a molecule of gaseous white phosphorus?

Frequently Asked Questions

What scientific concept do you need to know in order to solve this problem?

Our tutors have indicated that to solve this problem you will need to apply the Effusion concept. You can view video lessons to learn Effusion. Or if you need more Effusion practice, you can also practice Effusion practice problems.

What professor is this problem relevant for?

Based on our data, we think this problem is relevant for Professor Mitchell's class at UMN.

What textbook is this problem found in?

Our data indicates that this problem or a close variation was asked in Chemistry: The Molecular Nature of Matter and Change - Silberberg 8th Edition. You can also practice Chemistry: The Molecular Nature of Matter and Change - Silberberg 8th Edition practice problems.