Problem: In a titration of HNO3, you add a few drops of phenolphthalein indicator to 50.00 mL of acid in a flask. You quickly add 20.00 mL of 0.0502 M NaOH but overshoot the end point, and the solution turns deep pink. Instead of starting over, you add 30.00 mL of the acid, and the solution turns colorless. Then, it takes 3.22 mL of the NaOH to reach the end point.What is the concentration of the HNO3 solution?

FREE Expert Solution

Recall that at the equivalence point of a titration:

Also, recall that moles = molarity × volume

This means:

$\overline{){\left(\mathbf{MV}\right)}_{{\mathbf{acid}}}{\mathbf{=}}{\left(\mathbf{MV}\right)}_{{\mathbf{base}}}}$

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Problem Details

In a titration of HNO3, you add a few drops of phenolphthalein indicator to 50.00 mL of acid in a flask. You quickly add 20.00 mL of 0.0502 M NaOH but overshoot the end point, and the solution turns deep pink. Instead of starting over, you add 30.00 mL of the acid, and the solution turns colorless. Then, it takes 3.22 mL of the NaOH to reach the end point.

What is the concentration of the HNO3 solution?