Ch. 17 - Chemical ThermodynamicsWorksheetSee all chapters
All Chapters
Ch.1 - Intro to General Chemistry
Ch.2 - Atoms & Elements
Ch.3 - Chemical Reactions
BONUS: Lab Techniques and Procedures
BONUS: Mathematical Operations and Functions
Ch.4 - Chemical Quantities & Aqueous Reactions
Ch.5 - Gases
Ch.6 - Thermochemistry
Ch.7 - Quantum Mechanics
Ch.8 - Periodic Properties of the Elements
Ch.9 - Bonding & Molecular Structure
Ch.10 - Molecular Shapes & Valence Bond Theory
Ch.11 - Liquids, Solids & Intermolecular Forces
Ch.12 - Solutions
Ch.13 - Chemical Kinetics
Ch.14 - Chemical Equilibrium
Ch.15 - Acid and Base Equilibrium
Ch.16 - Aqueous Equilibrium
Ch. 17 - Chemical Thermodynamics
Ch.18 - Electrochemistry
Ch.19 - Nuclear Chemistry
Ch.20 - Organic Chemistry
Ch.22 - Chemistry of the Nonmetals
Ch.23 - Transition Metals and Coordination Compounds

Solution: Nitric oxides, NO and NO2, contribute to air pollution, acid rain, and the depletion of the ozone layer. After NO forms in the combustion chamber of an automobile engine, it reacts further with oxygen to form NO2. The reaction is given by2NO (g) + O2 (g) → 2NO2 (g) The following table gives some entropy values: Part ACalculate ΔS°rxn for the reaction 2NO (g) + O2 (g) → 2NO2 (g) Express your answer to one decimal place and include the appropriate units. Part BA negative change in entropy indicates that (i) the products are more disordered than the reactants (ii) the products are less disordered than the reactants

Problem

Nitric oxides, NO and NO2, contribute to air pollution, acid rain, and the depletion of the ozone layer. After NO forms in the combustion chamber of an automobile engine, it reacts further with oxygen to form NO2. The reaction is given by

2NO (g) + O2 (g) → 2NO2 (g) 

The following table gives some entropy values: 

Part A

Calculate ΔS°rxn for the reaction 

2NO (g) + O2 (g) → 2NO2 (g) 

Express your answer to one decimal place and include the appropriate units. 

Part B

A negative change in entropy indicates that 

(i) the products are more disordered than the reactants 

(ii) the products are less disordered than the reactants