# Problem: Dry ice is solid carbon dioxide. Instead of melting, solid carbon dioxide sublimes according to the following equation: CO2 (s) → CO2 (g). When dry ice is added to warm water, heat from the water causes the dry ice to sublime more quickly. The evaporating carbon dioxide produces a dense fog often used to create special effects. In a simple dry ice fog machine, dry ice is added to warm water in a Styrofoam cooler. The dry ice produces fog until it evaporates away, or until the water gets too cold to sublime the dry ice quickly enough. Suppose that a small Styrofoam cooler holds 15.0 liters of water heated to 83 °C. Part AUse standard enthalpies of formation to calculate the change in enthalpy (kJ) for dry ice sublimation. (The ΔH°f for CO2 (s) is -427.4 kJ/mol). Express your answer using three significant figures. Part BCalculate the mass (grams) of dry ice that should be added to the water so that the dry ice completely sublimes away when the water reaches 18 °C. Assume no heat loss to the surroundings. Express your answer using two significant figures.

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Dry ice is solid carbon dioxide. Instead of melting, solid carbon dioxide sublimes according to the following equation: CO2 (s) → CO2 (g). When dry ice is added to warm water, heat from the water causes the dry ice to sublime more quickly. The evaporating carbon dioxide produces a dense fog often used to create special effects. In a simple dry ice fog machine, dry ice is added to warm water in a Styrofoam cooler. The dry ice produces fog until it evaporates away, or until the water gets too cold to sublime the dry ice quickly enough. Suppose that a small Styrofoam cooler holds 15.0 liters of water heated to 83 °C.

Part A

Use standard enthalpies of formation to calculate the change in enthalpy (kJ) for dry ice sublimation. (The ΔH°f for CO2 (s) is -427.4 kJ/mol). Express your answer using three significant figures.

Part B

Calculate the mass (grams) of dry ice that should be added to the water so that the dry ice completely sublimes away when the water reaches 18 °C. Assume no heat loss to the surroundings. Express your answer using two significant figures.

What scientific concept do you need to know in order to solve this problem?

Our tutors have indicated that to solve this problem you will need to apply the Calorimetry concept. You can view video lessons to learn Calorimetry. Or if you need more Calorimetry practice, you can also practice Calorimetry practice problems.

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