The ideal gas law

PV = nRT

relates pressure P, volume V, temperature T, and number of moles of a gas, n. The gas constant R equals 0.08208 L middot atm/(K • mol) or 8.3145 J/(K • mol). The equation can be rearranged as follows to for n:

n = PV/RT

This equation is useful when dealing with gaseous because calculations involve mole ratios.

Part A

When heated, calcium carbonate decomposes to yield calcium oxide and carbon dioxide gas via the reaction

CaCO_{3} → CaO + CO_{2}

What is the mass of calcium carbonate needed to produce 63.0 L of carbon dioxide at STP?

Express your answer with the appropriate units.

Frequently Asked Questions

What scientific concept do you need to know in order to solve this problem?

Our tutors have indicated that to solve this problem you will need to apply the Gas Stoichiometry concept. If you need more Gas Stoichiometry practice, you can also practice Gas Stoichiometry practice problems.