Problem: In which orbital does an electron in a lithium atom experience the greatest shielding?a. 2pb. 2sc. 3pd. 3se. 1s 

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FREE Expert Solution

We’re being asked to determine the orbital in which an electron in a lithium (Li) atom experiences the most shielding


Recall that shielding is the resistance of an electron from the attractive forces exerted by the nucleus


Electrons that are further away from the nucleus have greater shieldingThis means the orbital that experiences that greatest shielding is farthest from the nucleus.


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Problem Details

In which orbital does an electron in a lithium atom experience the greatest shielding?

a. 2p

b. 2s

c. 3p

d. 3s

e. 1s