H2 reacts with I2 in the gas phase according to the following chemical equation:
H2 (g) + I2 (g) → 2HI (g)
It is observed that, when the concentration of I2 is reduced to 1/2 of its initial value, the rate of the reaction is also reduced to 1/2 of its initial value. When the concentration of H2 is multiplied by 6.46, the rate of the reaction also increases by a factor of 6.46.
(a) Write the rate expression for this reaction, and give the units of the rate constant k, assuming concentration is expressed as mol L-1 and time is in seconds.
(b) If [H2] were multiplied by 4.27 and [I2] by 4.63, what change in the rate would be observed?
The rate would increase by a factor of __________.
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