Chemistry Gibbs Free Energy Solution: A critical reaction in the production of energy to...

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Solution: A critical reaction in the production of energy to do work or drive chemical reactions in biological systems is the hydrolysis of adenosine triphosphate, ATP, to adenosine diphosphate, ADP, as described by ATP (aq) + H2O (l) → ADP (aq) + HPO 42- (aq)for which ΔG°rxn = -30.5 kJ/mol at 37.0 °C and pH 7.0. Calculate the value of ΔG  rxn (kJ/mol) in a biological cell in which [ATP] = 5.0 mM, [ADP] = 0.80 mM, and [HPO42-] = 5.0 mM. Is the hydrolysis of ATP spontaneous under these conditions?

Problem

A critical reaction in the production of energy to do work or drive chemical reactions in biological systems is the hydrolysis of adenosine triphosphate, ATP, to adenosine diphosphate, ADP, as described by 

ATP (aq) + H2O (l) → ADP (aq) + HPO 42- (aq)

for which ΔG°rxn = -30.5 kJ/mol at 37.0 °C and pH 7.0. Calculate the value of ΔG  rxn (kJ/mol) in a biological cell in which [ATP] = 5.0 mM, [ADP] = 0.80 mM, and [HPO42-] = 5.0 mM. 

Is the hydrolysis of ATP spontaneous under these conditions?


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