All Chapters
Ch.1 - Intro to General Chemistry
Ch.2 - Atoms & Elements
Ch.3 - Chemical Reactions
BONUS: Lab Techniques and Procedures
BONUS: Mathematical Operations and Functions
Ch.4 - Chemical Quantities & Aqueous Reactions
Ch.5 - Gases
Ch.6 - Thermochemistry
Ch.7 - Quantum Mechanics
Ch.8 - Periodic Properties of the Elements
Ch.9 - Bonding & Molecular Structure
Ch.10 - Molecular Shapes & Valence Bond Theory
Ch.11 - Liquids, Solids & Intermolecular Forces
Ch.12 - Solutions
Ch.13 - Chemical Kinetics
Ch.14 - Chemical Equilibrium
Ch.15 - Acid and Base Equilibrium
Ch.16 - Aqueous Equilibrium
Ch. 17 - Chemical Thermodynamics
Ch.18 - Electrochemistry
Ch.19 - Nuclear Chemistry
Ch.20 - Organic Chemistry
Ch.22 - Chemistry of the Nonmetals
Ch.23 - Transition Metals and Coordination Compounds

Solution: A helium-filled balloon of the type used in long-distance flying contains 420, 000 ft^3 (1.2 times 10^7 L) of helium. Suppose you fill the balloon with helium on the ground, where the pressure is 741 mm Hg and the temperature is 24.4 degree C. When the balloon ascends to a height of 2 miles, where the pressure is only 600. mm Hg and the temperature is -33 degree C, what volume is occupied by the helium gas? Assume the pressure inside the balloon matches the external pressure.

Problem

A helium-filled balloon of the type used in long-distance flying contains 420, 000 ft^3 (1.2 times 10^7 L) of helium. Suppose you fill the balloon with helium on the ground, where the pressure is 741 mm Hg and the temperature is 24.4 degree C. When the balloon ascends to a height of 2 miles, where the pressure is only 600. mm Hg and the temperature is -33 degree C, what volume is occupied by the helium gas? Assume the pressure inside the balloon matches the external pressure.