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The balanced equation for the formation of methanol (CH3OH) is:
2 H2(g) + CO(g) → CH3OH(g)
We’re being asked to determine at what temperature the given reaction is spontaneous. The standard free energy change of a reaction (ΔG˚rxn) is given by the following equation:
We’re given the ΔH˚f and S˚ of each reactants and products. We can use those to calculate for ΔH˚rxn and ΔS˚rxn separately.
Making Methanol The element hydrogen is not abundant in nature, but it is a useful reagent in, for example, the potential synthesis of the liquid fuel methanol from gaseous carbon monoxide:
2 H2(g) + CO(g) --> CH3OH (g)
This reaction is spontaneous at temperatures lower than:
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What scientific concept do you need to know in order to solve this problem?
Our tutors have indicated that to solve this problem you will need to apply the Spontaneous Reaction concept. You can view video lessons to learn Spontaneous Reaction. Or if you need more Spontaneous Reaction practice, you can also practice Spontaneous Reaction practice problems.
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Our tutors rated the difficulty ofMaking Methanol The element hydrogen is not abundant in natu...as medium difficulty.
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Based on our data, we think this problem is relevant for Professor Lair's class at UCM.