Solution: When a fresh breath of air is drawn into the lungs, it is heated by your body. Let’s assume it reaches thermal equilibrium with your body temperature of 37°C. Given the temperature, pressure, and the average molar mass of air, you could easily calculate that your breath of 0.48 L corresponds to 0.51 g of air. The specific heat of air is 1.0 J/g•°C.
I. Given that the temperature outside is 21°C, how much heat is required to take the air in your 0.48 L breath from 21°C to 37°C?
II. The heat calculated in the previous question is lost every time you exhale. Assuming 15 breaths per minute, how much heat would be lost in one day by exhaling? Furthermore, assuming a daily energy intake of 8400 kJ (corresponding to 2000 food Calories), what percent of your daily energy intake is lost as heat due to exhaling during a 24 hour period?