Calculate Oxidation Numbers Video Lessons

Concept: Oxidation Number

# Problem: What is the oxidation state of the carbon atom in the carbonate ion, CO 32-?

###### FREE Expert Solution
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###### FREE Expert Solution

We’re being asked to determine the oxidation state of carbon in CO32– (carbonate ion).

The rules for oxidation states are as follows:

A. General Rules:

1. For an atom in its elemental form (Zn, Cl2, C(graphite), etc.)    O.S. = 0

2. For an ion (Li+, Al3+, etc.)                                                       O.S. = charge

B. Specific Rules:

1. Group 1A              O.S. = +1

2. Group 2A              O.S. = +2

3. Hydrogen              O.S. = +1, with nonmetals

O.S. = –1 with metals and boron

4. Fluorine                 O.S. = –1

5. Oxygen                  O.S. = –1 in peroxides (X2O2, X = Group 1A)

O.S. = –1/2 in superoxides (XO2, X = Group 1A)

O.S. = –2 in other compounds

6. Group 7A               O.S. = –1 (except when bonded to O)

Since CO32– is neither a peroxide or superoxide, the oxidation state of each oxygen atom is –2

80% (144 ratings)
###### Problem Details

What is the oxidation state of the carbon atom in the carbonate ion, CO 32-?

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Based on our data, we think this problem is relevant for Professor Snyder's class at FAU.