Ch.10 - Molecular Shapes & Valence Bond TheoryWorksheetSee all chapters
All Chapters
Ch.1 - Intro to General Chemistry
Ch.2 - Atoms & Elements
Ch.3 - Chemical Reactions
BONUS: Lab Techniques and Procedures
BONUS: Mathematical Operations and Functions
Ch.4 - Chemical Quantities & Aqueous Reactions
Ch.5 - Gases
Ch.6 - Thermochemistry
Ch.7 - Quantum Mechanics
Ch.8 - Periodic Properties of the Elements
Ch.9 - Bonding & Molecular Structure
Ch.10 - Molecular Shapes & Valence Bond Theory
Ch.11 - Liquids, Solids & Intermolecular Forces
Ch.12 - Solutions
Ch.13 - Chemical Kinetics
Ch.14 - Chemical Equilibrium
Ch.15 - Acid and Base Equilibrium
Ch.16 - Aqueous Equilibrium
Ch. 17 - Chemical Thermodynamics
Ch.18 - Electrochemistry
Ch.19 - Nuclear Chemistry
Ch.20 - Organic Chemistry
Ch.22 - Chemistry of the Nonmetals
Ch.23 - Transition Metals and Coordination Compounds

Solution: What is the name of the hybrid orbitals used by phosphorus in PCl 3?

Solution: What is the name of the hybrid orbitals used by phosphorus in PCl 3?

Problem

What is the name of the hybrid orbitals used by phosphorus in PCl 3?

Solution

We are being asked to identify the hybrid orbitals used by phosphorus (P) or the hybridization of P in PCl3. First, we will have to draw the Lewis Structure of PCl3.


Step 1: Determine the central atom in this molecule.

P → less electronegative atom than Cl → central atom


Step 2: Calculate the total number of valence electrons present.          

PCl3:

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