Ch.8 - Periodic Properties of the ElementsWorksheetSee all chapters
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Ch.1 - Intro to General Chemistry
Ch.2 - Atoms & Elements
Ch.3 - Chemical Reactions
BONUS: Lab Techniques and Procedures
BONUS: Mathematical Operations and Functions
Ch.4 - Chemical Quantities & Aqueous Reactions
Ch.5 - Gases
Ch.6 - Thermochemistry
Ch.7 - Quantum Mechanics
Ch.8 - Periodic Properties of the Elements
Ch.9 - Bonding & Molecular Structure
Ch.10 - Molecular Shapes & Valence Bond Theory
Ch.11 - Liquids, Solids & Intermolecular Forces
Ch.12 - Solutions
Ch.13 - Chemical Kinetics
Ch.14 - Chemical Equilibrium
Ch.15 - Acid and Base Equilibrium
Ch.16 - Aqueous Equilibrium
Ch. 17 - Chemical Thermodynamics
Ch.18 - Electrochemistry
Ch.19 - Nuclear Chemistry
Ch.20 - Organic Chemistry
Ch.22 - Chemistry of the Nonmetals
Ch.23 - Transition Metals and Coordination Compounds

Solution: Which ion has the smallest radius?a. Ca2+b. Cl-c. K+d. S2-

Solution: Which ion has the smallest radius?a. Ca2+b. Cl-c. K+d. S2-

Problem

Which ion has the smallest radius?

a. Ca2+

b. Cl-

c. K+

d. S2-

Solution

We’re being asked to determine the ion with the smallest radius


Recall that ionic radius is the size of an ion. The trend for ionic radius is as follows: it increases from right to left and down a period in the periodic table. Ionic radius also increases with increasing number of electrons.


For this problem, we need to do the following:

Step 1: Determine the electrons in each species.

Step 2: Compare the charges if they are isoelectronic.


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