Ch.3 - Chemical ReactionsWorksheetSee all chapters
All Chapters
Ch.1 - Intro to General Chemistry
Ch.2 - Atoms & Elements
Ch.3 - Chemical Reactions
BONUS: Lab Techniques and Procedures
BONUS: Mathematical Operations and Functions
Ch.4 - Chemical Quantities & Aqueous Reactions
Ch.5 - Gases
Ch.6 - Thermochemistry
Ch.7 - Quantum Mechanics
Ch.8 - Periodic Properties of the Elements
Ch.9 - Bonding & Molecular Structure
Ch.10 - Molecular Shapes & Valence Bond Theory
Ch.11 - Liquids, Solids & Intermolecular Forces
Ch.12 - Solutions
Ch.13 - Chemical Kinetics
Ch.14 - Chemical Equilibrium
Ch.15 - Acid and Base Equilibrium
Ch.16 - Aqueous Equilibrium
Ch. 17 - Chemical Thermodynamics
Ch.18 - Electrochemistry
Ch.19 - Nuclear Chemistry
Ch.20 - Organic Chemistry
Ch.22 - Chemistry of the Nonmetals
Ch.23 - Transition Metals and Coordination Compounds

Solution: Which statement best summarizes the difference between ionic and molecular compounds?a. Molecular compounds contain highly directional covalent bonds, which results in the formation of molecules-discr

Problem

Which statement best summarizes the difference between ionic and molecular compounds?

a. Molecular compounds contain highly directional covalent bonds, which results in the formation of molecules-discrete particles that do not covalently bond to each other. Ionic compounds contain nondirectional ionic bonds, which results (in the solid phase) in the formation of ionic lattices-extended networks of alternating cations and anions.

b. Molecular compounds contain covalent bonds in which one of the atoms shares an electron with the other one, resulting in a new force that holds the atoms together in a covalent molecule. Ionic compounds contain ionic bonds in which one atom donates an electron to the other, resulting in a new force that holds the ions together in pairs (in the solid phase).

c. The key difference between ionic and covalent compounds is the types of elements that compose them, not the way that the atoms bond together.

d. A molecular compound is composed of covalently bonded molecules, an ionic compound is composed of ionically bonded molecules (in the solid phase).