Problem: Indicate which orbitals overlap to form the σ bonds in the following molecules.ICNa. 1 σ bond forms between a hybrid sp2 orbital on C and a p orbital on I; 1 σ bond forms between a hybrid sp3 orbital on C and a p orbital on Nb. 1 σ bond forms between a hybrid sp3 orbital on C and a p orbital on I; 1 σ bond forms between a hybrid sp2 orbital on C and a p orbital on Nc. 1 σ bond forms between a hybrid sp orbital on C and a p orbital on I; 1 σ bond forms between a hybrid sp orbital on C and a hybrid sp orbital on Nd. 1 σ bond forms between a hybrid sp2 orbital on C and a p orbital on I; 1 σ bond forms between a hybrid sp orbital on C and a p orbital on N

FREE Expert Solution

(1) C least electronegative → central atom

(2) Total valence electrons are:

            Group             Valence Electrons

C.         4A                   1 × 4 e4 e

N          5A                   1 × 5 e5 e

O          6A                   1 × 6 e6 e

Total:  15 valence e


(3) Structure will appear as:

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Problem Details

Indicate which orbitals overlap to form the σ bonds in the following molecules.

ICN

a. 1 σ bond forms between a hybrid sporbital on C and a p orbital on I; 1 σ bond forms between a hybrid sp3 orbital on C and a p orbital on N

b. 1 σ bond forms between a hybrid sp3 orbital on C and a p orbital on I; 1 σ bond forms between a hybrid sp2 orbital on C and a p orbital on N

c. 1 σ bond forms between a hybrid sp orbital on C and a p orbital on I; 1 σ bond forms between a hybrid sp orbital on C and a hybrid sp orbital on N

d. 1 σ bond forms between a hybrid sp2 orbital on C and a p orbital on I; 1 σ bond forms between a hybrid sp orbital on C and a p orbital on N

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What scientific concept do you need to know in order to solve this problem?

Our tutors have indicated that to solve this problem you will need to apply the Orbital Overlap concept. If you need more Orbital Overlap practice, you can also practice Orbital Overlap practice problems.

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Based on our data, we think this problem is relevant for Professor Parnis' class at Trent University.