Chemistry Practice Problems Chemical Bonds Practice Problems Solution: a. How many covalent bonds does carbon form if eac...

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Solution: a. How many covalent bonds does carbon form if each of its  unpaired electrons participate in one bond?b. How many covalent bonds does oxygen form if each of its  unpaired electrons participate in one bond?c. How many covalent bonds does nitrogen form if each of its  unpaired electrons participate in one bond?d. How many covalent bonds does hydrogen form if each of its  unpaired electrons participate in one bond?

Problem

a. How many covalent bonds does carbon form if each of its  unpaired electrons participate in one bond?

b. How many covalent bonds does oxygen form if each of its  unpaired electrons participate in one bond?

c. How many covalent bonds does nitrogen form if each of its  unpaired electrons participate in one bond?

d. How many covalent bonds does hydrogen form if each of its  unpaired electrons participate in one bond?

Solution

We’re asked to determine how many covalent bonds does each element form if each of its unpaired electrons participate in one bond.


Recall that unpaired electrons can be determined from the electron configuration and electron distribution using orbital diagrams for the excited state of each atom


For this, we need to do the following steps:

Step 1: Determine the atomic number and write the electron configuration of each element.

Step 2: Make an orbital diagram for each atom to determine the # of unpaired electrons


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