Problem: How do enzymatic catalysts increase the rates of reactions?  a. they shift the reaction equilibrium toward the products. b. they promote the formation of a transition state. c. they lower the activation energy of the reaction.  d. they increase the concentration of reactants. e. they decrease the free energy of the reaction.

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How do enzymatic catalysts increase the rates of reactions? 

a. they shift the reaction equilibrium toward the products.

b. they promote the formation of a transition state.

c. they lower the activation energy of the reaction. 

d. they increase the concentration of reactants.

e. they decrease the free energy of the reaction.