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Solution: Classify these diatomic molecules as diamagnetic or paramagnetic:O2, F2, B2, C2, N2

Problem

Classify these diatomic molecules as diamagnetic or paramagnetic:

O2, F2, B2, C2, N2

Solution

We’re being asked to classify each diatomic molecule as diamagnetic or paramagnetic


Recall that for:

• diamagnetic: all of the electrons are paired

• paramagnetic: at least one electron is unpaired


To do so, we need to look at the molecular orbital (MO) diagram of each molecule. 

Recall that we have two types of MO diagrams:


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