One way to synthesize ethylamine (CH 3CH2NH2) is from the reaction of ammonia (NH3) with chloroethane (CH 3CH2Cl).
(1) NH3 + CH3CH2Cl → CH3CH2NH2 + HCl
One problem with this synthesis route is that the above reaction is not very selective, and ammonia may react with two chloroethane molecules to form diethylamine ( (CH3CH2)2NH ).
(2) NH3 + 2 CH3CH2Cl → (CH3CH2)2NH + 2 HCl
A mixture of 0.475 mol NH3/mol, 0.475 mol CH3CH2Cl/mol and the remainder inerts is fed into a reactor. Within the reactor, the fractional conversion of CH3CH2Cl is 0.840 and the fractional yield of CH3CH2NH2 is 0.390. Assume a 100 mol basis for the feed stream, and calculate the number of moles of each component entering the reactor and leaving in the product stream.