Ch.11 - Liquids, Solids & Intermolecular ForcesSee all chapters
All Chapters
Ch.1 - Intro to General Chemistry
Ch.2 - Atoms & Elements
Ch.3 - Chemical Reactions
BONUS: Lab Techniques and Procedures
BONUS: Mathematical Operations and Functions
Ch.4 - Chemical Quantities & Aqueous Reactions
Ch.5 - Gases
Ch.6 - Thermochemistry
Ch.7 - Quantum Mechanics
Ch.8 - Periodic Properties of the Elements
Ch.9 - Bonding & Molecular Structure
Ch.10 - Molecular Shapes & Valence Bond Theory
Ch.11 - Liquids, Solids & Intermolecular Forces
Ch.12 - Solutions
Ch.13 - Chemical Kinetics
Ch.14 - Chemical Equilibrium
Ch.15 - Acid and Base Equilibrium
Ch.16 - Aqueous Equilibrium
Ch. 17 - Chemical Thermodynamics
Ch.18 - Electrochemistry
Ch.19 - Nuclear Chemistry
Ch.20 - Organic Chemistry
Ch.22 - Chemistry of the Nonmetals
Ch.23 - Transition Metals and Coordination Compounds

Solution: Surface tension arises because a) The thermodynamic standar...


Surface tension arises because

a) The thermodynamic standard state conditions prevent the molecules at the top of the liquid from moving around easily so that they form a "skin" and a bug can walk on it

b) Intermolecular forces are stronger at the surface of a liquid than in the bulk of the liquid.

c) The suspension of a homogeneous mixture of molecules creates resistance to spreading out of the liquid, thereby increasing its surface area.

d) A representation showing specific connections between atoms in a molecule is stronger at the surface from elementary thermodynamics.

e) The dissociation of the substance, useful in interpreting colligative properties, is stronger at the surface of a liquid, which prevents the molecules from breaking down so that a bug can walk on it.