What factor ultimately determines whether any physical process, including a chemical reaction, is spontaneous or not?
a) the change in entropy of the components involved in the process
b) the change in enthalpy of the components involved in the process
c) the change in enthalpy of the universe
d) the change in entropy of the universe
e) the change in entropy of the world outside the process
f) the change in enthalpy of the world outside the process
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